This page features the
full text of
Republic Act No. 6713Code of Conduct and
for Public Officials and Employees.
ACT NO. 6713 AN
ACT ESTABLISHING A CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR PUBLIC
AND EMPLOYEES, TO UPHOLD THE TIME-HONORED PRINCIPLE OF PUBLIC OFFICE
A PUBLIC TRUST, GRANTING INCENTIVES AND REWARDS FOR EXEMPLARY SERVICE,
ENUMERATING PROHIBITED ACTS AND TRANSACTIONS AND PROVIDING PENALTIES
VIOLATIONS THEREOF AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
SECTION 1. Title.
— This Act shall be known as the "Code of Conduct and Ethical
for Public Officials and Employees."
SECTION 2. Declaration
of Policies. — It is the policy of the State to promote a high
of ethics in public service. Public officials and employees shall at
times be accountable to the people and shall discharge their duties
utmost responsibility, integrity, competence, and loyalty, act with
and justice, lead modest lives, and uphold public interest over
SECTION 3. Definition
of Terms. — As used in this Act, the term:
includes the National Government, the local governments, and all other
instrumentalities, agencies or branches of the Republic of the
including government-owned or controlled corporations, and their
Officials" includes elective and appointive officials and
permanent or temporary, whether in the career or non-career service,
military and police personnel, whether or not they receive
regardless of amount.
refers to a thing or a right to dispose of gratuitously, or any act or
liberality, in favor of another who accepts it, and shall include a
sale or an ostensibly onerous disposition thereof. It shall not include
an unsolicited gift of nominal or insignificant value not given in
of, or in exchange for, a favor from a public official or employee.
any gift" includes the act of accepting directly or indirectly, a
from a person other than a member of his family or relative as defined
in this Act, even on the occasion of a family celebration or national
like Christmas, if the value of the gift is neither nominal nor
or the gift is given in anticipation of, or in exchange for, a favor.
covers both simple loan and commodatum as well as guarantees,
arrangements or accommodations intended to ensure its approval.
stockholder" means any person who owns, directly or indirectly,
of stock sufficient to elect a director of a corporation. This term
also apply to the parties to a voting trust.
of public officials or employees" means their spouses and
children under eighteen (18) years of age.
includes natural and juridical persons unless the context indicates
of interest" arises when a public official or employee is a member
of a board, an officer, or a substantial stockholder of a private
or owner or has a substantial interest in a business, and the interest
of such corporation or business, or his rights or duties therein, may
opposed to or affected by the faithful performance of official
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is the transfer of title or disposal of interest in property by
completely and actually depriving or dispossessing oneself of his right
or title to it in favor of a person or persons other than his spouse
relatives as defined in this Act.
refers to any and all persons related to a public official or
within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity, including
bilas, inso and balae.
Norms of Conduct of Public Officials and Employees. — (A) Every
official and employee shall observe the following as standards of
conduct in the discharge and execution of official duties:
to public interest. — Public officials and employees shall always
the public interest over and above personal interest. All government
and powers of their respective offices must be employed and used
effectively, honestly and economically, particularly to avoid wastage
public funds and revenues.
— Public officials and employees shall perform and discharge their
duties with the highest degree of excellence, professionalism,
and skill. They shall enter public service with utmost devotion and
to duty. They shall endeavor to discourage wrong perceptions of their
as dispensers or peddlers of undue patronage.chan robles virtual law library
and sincerity. — Public officials and employees shall remain true
the people at all times. They must act with justness and sincerity and
shall not discriminate against anyone, especially the poor and the
They shall at all times respect the rights of others, and shall refrain
from doing acts contrary to law, good morals, good customs, public
public order, public safety and public interest. They shall not
or extend undue favors on account of their office to their relatives
by consanguinity or affinity except with respect to appointments of
relatives to positions considered strictly confidential or as members
their personal staff whose terms are coterminous with theirs.
neutrality. — Public officials and employees shall provide service
to everyone without unfair discrimination and regardless of party
to the public. — Public officials and employees shall extend
courteous, and adequate service to the public. Unless otherwise
by law or when required by the public interest, public officials and
shall provide information of their policies and procedures in clear and
understandable language, ensure openness of information, public
and hearings whenever appropriate, encourage suggestions, simplify and
systematize policy, rules and procedures, avoid red tape and develop an
understanding and appreciation of the socio-economic conditions
in the country, especially in the depressed rural and urban areas.
and patriotism. — Public officials and employees shall at all times
be loyal to the Republic and to the Filipino people, promote the use of
locally produced goods, resources and technology and encourage
and pride of country and people. They shall endeavor to maintain and
Philippine sovereignty against foreign intrusion.
to democracy. — Public officials and employees shall commit
to the democratic way of life and values, maintain the principle of
accountability, and manifest by deeds the supremacy of civilian
over the military. They shall at all times uphold the Constitution and
put loyalty to country above loyalty to persons or party.chan robles virtual law library
living. — Public officials and employees and their families shall
modest lives appropriate to their positions and income. They shall not
indulge in extravagant or ostentatious display of wealth in any form.
(B) The Civil
Service Commission shall adopt positive measures to promote (1)
of these standards including the dissemination of information programs
and workshops authorizing merit increases beyond regular progression
to a limited number of employees recognized by their office colleagues
to be outstanding in their observance of ethical standards; and (2)
research and experimentation on measures which provide positive
to public officials and employees in raising the general level of
of these standards.
SECTION 5. Duties
of Public Officials and Employees. — In the performance of their
all public officials and employees are under obligation to:
(a) Act promptly
on letters and requests. — All public officials and employees
within fifteen (15) working days from receipt thereof, respond to
telegrams or other means of communications sent by the public. The
must contain the action taken on the request.
annual performance reports. — All heads or other responsible
of offices and agencies of the government and of government-owned or
corporations shall, within forty-five (45) working days from the end of
the year, render a performance report of the agency or office or
concerned. Such report shall be open and available to the public within
regular office hours.
documents and papers expeditiously. — All official papers and
must be processed and completed within a reasonable time from the
thereof and must contain, as far as practicable, not more than three
signatories therein. In the absence of duly authorized signatories, the
official next-in-rank or officer in charge shall sign for and in their
(d) Act immediately
on the public's personal transactions. — All public officials and
must attend to anyone who wants to avail himself of the services of
offices and must, at all times, act promptly and expeditiously.
documents accessible to the public. — All public documents must be
made accessible to, and readily available for inspection by, the public
within reasonable working hours.
SECTION 6. System
of Incentives and Rewards. — A system of annual incentives and
is hereby established in order to motivate and inspire public servants
to uphold the highest standards of ethics. For this purpose, a
on Awards to Outstanding Public Officials and Employees is hereby
composed of the following: the Ombudsman and Chairman of the Civil
Commission as Co-Chairmen, and the Chairman of the Commission on Audit,
and two government employees to be appointed by the President, as
It shall be
the task of this Committee to conduct a periodic, continuing review of
the performance of public officials and employees, in all the branches
and agencies of Government and establish a system of annual incentives
and rewards to the end that due recognition is given to public
and employees of outstanding merit on the basis of the standards set
in this Act.
of awards shall take into account, among other things, the following:
years of service and the quality and consistency of performance, the
of the position, the level of salary, the unique and exemplary quality
of a certain achievement, and the risks or temptations inherent in the
work. Incentives and rewards to government officials and employees of
year to be announced in public ceremonies honoring them may take the
of bonuses, citations, directorships in government-owned or controlled
corporations, local and foreign scholarship grants, paid vacations and
the like. They shall likewise be automatically promoted to the next
position with the commensurate salary suitable to their qualifications.
In case there is no next higher position or it is not vacant, said
shall be included in the budget of the office in the next General
Act. The Committee on Awards shall adopt its own rules to govern the
of its activities.
SECTION 7. Prohibited
Acts and Transactions. — In addition to acts and omissions of
officials and employees now prescribed in the Constitution and existing
laws, the following shall constitute prohibited acts and transactions
any public official and employee and are hereby declared to be unlawful:
and material interest. — Public officials and employees shall not,
directly or indirectly, have any financial or material interest in any
transaction requiring the approval of their office.
employment and other activities related thereto. — Public
and employees during their incumbency shall not:
manage or accept employment as officer, employee, consultant, counsel,
broker, agent, trustee or nominee in any private enterprise regulated,
supervised or licensed by their office unless expressly allowed by law;
the private practice of their profession unless authorized by the
or law, provided, that such practice will not conflict or tend to
with their official functions; or
any person to any position in a private enterprise which has a regular
or pending official transaction with their office.
shall continue to apply for a period of one (1) year after resignation,
retirement, or separation from public office, except in the case of
(b) (2) above, but the professional concerned cannot practice his
in connection with any matter before the office he used to be with, in
which case the one-year prohibition shall likewise apply.
and/or misuse of confidential information. —
and employees shall not use or divulge, confidential or classified
officially known to them by reason of their office and not made
to the public, either:
or acceptance of gifts. — Public officials and employees shall not
solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, any gift, gratuity, favor,
loan or anything of monetary value from any person in the course of
official duties or in connection with any operation being regulated by,
or any transaction which may be affected by the functions of their
As to gifts
or grants from foreign governments, the Congress consents to:
and retention by a public official or employee of a gift of nominal
tendered and received as a souvenir or mark of courtesy;
by a public official or employee of a gift in the nature of a
or fellowship grant or medical treatment; or
by a public official or employee of travel grants or expenses for
taking place entirely outside the Philippine (such as allowances,
food, and lodging) of more than nominal value if such acceptance is
or consistent with the interests of the Philippines, and permitted by
head of office, branch or agency to which he belongs.
The Ombudsman shall
prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purpose
of this subsection, including pertinent reporting and disclosure
Nothing in this
Act shall be construed to restrict or prohibit any educational,
or cultural exchange programs subject to national security requirements.
SECTION 8. Statements
and Disclosure. — Public officials and employees have an
to accomplish and submit declarations under oath of, and the public has
the right to know, their assets, liabilities, net worth and financial
business interests including those of their spouses and of unmarried
under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.
of Assets and Liabilities and Financial Disclosure. — All public
and employees, except those who serve in an honorary capacity, laborers
and casual or temporary workers, shall file under oath their Statement
of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth and a Disclosure of Business
and Financial Connections and those of their spouses and unmarried
under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.
The two documents
shall contain information on the following:
its improvements, acquisition costs, assessed value and current fair
property and acquisition cost;
assets such as investments, cash on hand or in banks, stocks, bonds,
interests and financial connections.
The documents must
thirty (30) days after assumption of office;
(b) on or
April 30, of every year thereafter; and
(30) days after separation from the service.
All public officials
and employees required under this section to file the aforestated
shall also execute, within thirty (30) days from the date of their
of office, the necessary authority in favor of the Ombudsman to obtain
from all appropriate government agencies, including the Bureau of
Revenue, such documents as may show their assets, liabilities, net
and also their business interests and financial connections in previous
years, including, if possible, the year when they first assumed any
in the Government.
wife who are both public officials or employees may file the required
jointly or separately.
of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth and the Disclosure of Business
and Financial Connections shall be filed by:
and national elective officials, with the national office of the
and Congressmen, with the Secretaries of the Senate and the House of
respectively; Justices, with the Clerk of Court of the Supreme Court;
with the Court Administrator; and all national executive officials with
the Office of the President.
and local officials and employees, with the Deputy Ombudsman in their
of the armed forces from the rank of colonel or naval captain, with the
Office of the President, and those below said ranks, with the Deputy
in their respective regions; and
public officials and employees, defined in Republic Act No. 3019, as
with the Civil Service Commission.
and disclosure of relatives. — It shall be the duty of every
official or employee to identify and disclose, to the best of his
and information, his relatives in the Government in the form, manner
frequency prescribed by the Civil Service Commission.
of documents. — (1) Any and all statements filed under this Act,
be made available for inspection at reasonable hours.
(2) Such statements
shall be made available for copying or reproduction after ten (10)
days from the time they are filed as required by law.
(3) Any person
requesting a copy of a statement shall be required to pay a reasonable
fee to cover the cost of reproduction and mailing of such statement, as
well as the cost of certification.
(4) Any statement
filed under this Act shall be available to the public for a period of
(10) years after receipt of the statement. After such period, the
may be destroyed unless needed in an ongoing investigation.
acts. — It shall be unlawful for any person to obtain or use any
filed under this Act for:
contrary to morals or public policy; or
purpose other than by news and communications media for dissemination
the general public.
SECTION 9. Divestment.
— A public official or employee shall avoid conflicts of interest
all times. When a conflict of interest arises, he shall resign from his
position in any private business enterprise within thirty (30) days
his assumption of office and/or divest himself of his shareholdings or
interest within sixty (60) days from such assumption.
The same rule
shall apply where the public official or employee is a partner in a
of divestment shall not apply to those who serve the Government in an
capacity nor to laborers and casual or temporary workers.
Review and Compliance Procedure. — (a) The designated Committees
of both Houses of the Congress shall establish procedures for the
of statements to determine whether said statements which have been
on time, are complete, and are in proper form. In the event a
is made that a statement is not so filed, the appropriate Committee
so inform the reporting individual and direct him to take the necessary
(b) In order
to carry out their responsibilities under this Act, the designated
of both Houses of Congress shall have the power within their respective
jurisdictions, to render any opinion interpreting this Act, in writing,
to persons covered by this Act, subject in each instance to the
by affirmative vote of the majority of the particular House concerned.
to whom an opinion is rendered, and any other individual involved in a
similar factual situation, and who, after issuance of the opinion acts
in good faith in accordance with it shall not be subject to any
provided in this Act.
(c) The heads
of other offices shall perform the duties stated in subsections (a) and
(b) hereof insofar as their respective offices are concerned, subject
the approval of the Secretary of Justice, in the case of the Executive
Department and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, in the case of
Penalties. — (a) Any public official or employee, regardless of
whether or not he holds office or employment in a casual, temporary,
permanent or regular capacity, committing any violation of this Act
be punished with a fine not exceeding the equivalent of six (6) months'
salary or suspension not exceeding one (1) year, or removal depending
the gravity of the offense after due notice and hearing by the
body or agency. If the violation is punishable by a heavier penalty
another law, he shall be prosecuted under the latter statute.
of Sections 7, 8 or 9 of this Act shall be punishable with imprisonment
not exceeding five (5) years, or a fine not exceeding five thousand
(P5,000), or both, and, in the discretion of the court of competent
disqualification to hold public office.
(b) Any violation
hereof proven in a proper administrative proceeding shall be sufficient
cause for removal or dismissal of a public official or employee, even
no criminal prosecution is instituted against him.
individuals who participate in conspiracy as co-principals, accomplices
or accessories, with public officials or employees, in violation of
Act, shall be subject to the same penal liabilities as the public
or employees and shall be tried jointly with them.
(d) The official
or employee concerned may bring an action against any person who
or uses a report for any purpose prohibited by Section 8 (D) of this
The Court in which such action is brought may assess against such
a penalty in any amount not to exceed twenty-five thousand pesos
If another sanction hereunder or under any other law is heavier, the
Promulgation of Rules and Regulations, Administration and
of this Act. — The Civil Service Commission shall have the primary
responsibility for the administration and enforcement of this Act. It
transmit all cases for prosecution arising from violations of this Act
to the proper authorities for appropriate action: Provided,
That it may institute such administrative actions and disciplinary
measures as may be warranted in accordance with law. Nothing in this
shall be construed as a deprivation of the right of each House of
to discipline its Members for disorderly behavior.
The Civil Service
Commission is hereby authorized to promulgate rules and regulations
to carry out the provisions of this Act, including guidelines for
who render free voluntary service to the Government. The Ombudsman
likewise take steps to protect citizens who denounce acts or omissions
of public officials and employees which are in violation of this Act.
Provisions for More Stringent Standards. — Nothing in this Act
be construed to derogate from any law, or any regulation prescribed by
any body or agency, which provides for more stringent standards for its
official and employees.
Appropriations. — The sum necessary for the effective
of this Act shall be taken from the appropriations of the Civil Service
Commission. Thereafter, such sum as may be needed for its continued
shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act.
Separability Clause. — If any provision of this Act or the
of such provision to any person or circumstance is declared invalid,
remainder of the Act or the application of such provision to other
or circumstances shall not be affected by such declaration.
Repealing Clause. — All laws, decrees and orders or parts
inconsistent herewith, are deemed repealed or modified accordingly,
the same provide for a heavier penalty.
Effectivity. — This Act shall take effect after thirty (30) days
following the completion of its publication in the Official Gazette or
in two (2) national newspapers of general circulation.
February 20, 1989.
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