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U.S. Supreme Court

Carey v. Westinghouse Elec. Corp., 375 U.S. 261 (1964)

Carey v. Westinghouse Electric Corp.

No. 21

Argued December 11-12, 1963

Decided January 6, 1964

375 U.S. 261


Petitioner union (IUE) and respondent employer entered into a collective bargaining agreement covering workers at several plants, including one where the dispute here involved occurred. The agreement states that the employer recognizes IUE and its locals as exclusive bargaining representatives for each of those units for which IUE or its locals have been certified by the National Labor Relations Board as the exclusive bargaining representative, and the agreement lists among those units for which IUE has been certified a unit of "all production and maintenance employees" at the plant where the controversy arose, "but excluding all salaried technical . . . employees." The agreement also contains a grievance procedure for the use of arbitration in case of unresolved disputes, including those involving the "interpretation, application or claimed violation" of the agreement. IUE filed a grievance asserting that certain employees in the engineering laboratory at the plant in question, represented by another union which had been certified as the exclusive bargaining representative for a unit of "all salaried, technical" employees, excluding "all production and maintenance" employees, were performing production and maintenance work. The employer refused to arbitrate on the ground that the controversy presented a representation matter for the National Labor Relations Board. IUE petitioned a New York state court for an order compelling arbitration.

Held: Whether the dispute be considered one involving work assignment or one concerning representation, it is not within the exclusive jurisdiction of the National Labor Relations Board, and there is no barrier to use of the arbitration procedure. Pp. 375 U. S. 263-273.

11 N.Y.2d 452, 184 N.E.2d 298, reversed.

Page 375 U. S. 262

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