Title 50 - Wildlife and Fisheries

Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries

Browse Next


Section Contents

Subpart A—Introduction

§ 10.1   Purpose of regulations.
§ 10.2   Scope of regulations.
§ 10.3   Other applicable laws.
§ 10.4   When regulations apply.

Subpart B—Definitions

§ 10.11   Scope of definitions.
§ 10.12   Definitions.
§ 10.13   List of Migratory Birds.

Subpart C—Addresses

§ 10.21   Director.
§ 10.22   Law enforcement offices.

Authority:  18 U.S.C. 42; 16 U.S.C. 703–712; 16 U.S.C. 668a–d; 19 U.S.C. 1202, 16 U.S.C. 1531–1543; 16 U.S.C. 1361–1384, 1401–1407; 16 U.S.C. 742a–742j-l; 16 U.S.C. 3371–3378.

Source:  38 FR 22015, Aug. 15, 1973, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A—Introduction
§ 10.1   Purpose of regulations.

The regulations of this Subchapter B are promulgated to implement the following statutes enforced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service which regulate the taking, possession, transportation, sale, purchase, barter, exportation, and importation of wildlife:

Lacey Act, 18 U.S.C. 42.

Lacey Act Amendments of 1981, 16 U.S.C. 3371–3378.

Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 16 U.S.C. 703–712.

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, 16 U.S.C. 668a–668d.

Endangered Species Act of 1973, 16 U.S.C. 1531–1543.

Tariff Classification Act of 1962, 19 U.S.C. 1202, [Schedule 1, Part 15D, Headnote 2(d), T.S.U.S.].

Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742a–742j–l.

Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. 1361–1384, 1401–1407.

[38 FR 22015, Aug. 15, 1973, as amended at 53 FR 6649, Mar. 2, 1988]

§ 10.2   Scope of regulations.

The various parts of this subchapter B are interrelated, and particular note should be taken that the parts must be construed with reference to each other.

§ 10.3   Other applicable laws.

No statute or regulation of any State shall be construed to relieve a person from the restrictions, conditions, and requirements contained in this subchapter B. In addition, nothing in this subchapter B, nor any permit issued under this subchapter B, shall be construed to relieve a person from any other requirements imposed by a statute or regulation of any State or of the United States, including any applicable health, quarantine, agricultural, or customs laws or regulations, or other Service enforced statutes or regulations.

§ 10.4   When regulations apply.

The regulations of this subchapter B shall apply to all matters arising after the effective date of such regulations, with the following exceptions:

(a) Civil penalty proceedings. Except as otherwise provided in §11.25, the civil penalty assessment procedures contained in this subchapter B shall apply only to any proceeding instituted by notice of violation dated subsequent to the effective date of these regulations, regardless of when the act or omission which is the basis of a civil penalty proceeding occurred.

(b) Permits. The regulations in this subchapter B shall apply to any permit application received after the effective date of the appropriate regulations in this subchapter B and, insofar as appropriate, to any permit which is renewed after such effective date.

[38 FR 22015, Aug. 15, 1973, as amended at 39 FR 1159, Jan. 4, 1974]

Subpart B—Definitions
§ 10.11   Scope of definitions.

In addition and subject to definitions contained in applicable statutes and subsequent parts or sections of this subchapter B, words or their variants shall have the meanings ascribed in this subpart. Throughout this subchapter B words in the singular form shall include the plural, words in the plural form shall include the singular, and words in the masculine form shall include the feminine.

§ 10.12   Definitions.

Aircraft means any contrivance used for flight in the air.

Amphibians means a member of the class, Amphibia, including, but not limited to, frogs, toads, and salamanders; including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Animal means an organism of the animal kingdom, as distinguished from the plant kingdom; including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Birds means a member of the class, Aves; including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Country of exportation means the last country from which the animal was exported before importation into the United States.

Country of origin means the country where the animal was taken from the wild, or the country of natal origin of the animal.

Crustacean means a member of the class, Crustacea, including but not limited to, crayfish, lobsters, shrimps, crabs, barnacles, and some terrestrial forms; including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Director means the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, or his authorized representative.

Endangered wildlife means any wildlife listed in §17.11 or §17.12 of this subchapter.

Fish means a member of any of the following classes:

(1) Cyclostomata, including, but not limited to, hagfishes and lampreys;

(2) Elasmobranchii, including but not limited to, sharks, skates, and rays; and

(3) Pisces, including but not limited to trout, perch, bass, minnows, and catfish; including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Fish or wildlife means any wild animal, whether alive or dead, including without limitation any wild mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, fish, mollusk, crustacean, arthropod, coelenterate, or other invertebrate, whether or not bred, hatched, or born in captivity, and including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof.

Foreign commerce includes, among other things, any transaction (1) between persons within one foreign country, or (2) between persons in two or more foreign countries, or (3) between a person within the United States and a person in one or more foreign countries, or (4) between persons within the United States, where the fish or wildlife in question are moving in any country or countries outside the United States.

Fossil means the remains of an animal of past geological ages which has been preserved in the earth's crust through mineralization of the object.

Import means to land on, bring into, or introduce into, or attempt to land on, bring into, or introduce into any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, whether or not such landing, bringing, or introduction constitutes an importation within the meaning of the tariff laws of the United States.

Injurious Wildlife means any wildlife for which a permit is required under subpart B of part 16 of this subchapter before being imported into or shipped between the continental United States, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United States.

Mammal means a member of the class, Mammalia; including any part, product, egg, or offspring, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Migratory bird means any bird, whatever its origin and whether or not raised in captivity, which belongs to a species listed in §10.13, or which is a mutation or a hybrid of any such species, including any part, nest, or egg of any such bird, or any product, whether or not manufactured, which consists, or is composed in whole or part, of any such bird or any part, nest, or egg thereof.

Migratory game birds: See §20.11 of this subchapter.

Mollusk means a member of the phylum, Mollusca, including but not limited to, snails, mussels, clams, oysters, scallops, abalone, squid, and octopuses; including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Permit means any document designated as a “permit,” “license,” “certificate,” or any other document issued by the Service to authorize, limit, or describe activity and signed by an authorized official of the Service.

Person means any individual, firm, corporation, association, partnership, club, or private body, any one or all, as the context requires.

Plant means any member of the plant kingdom, including seeds, roots and other parts thereof.

Possession means the detention and control, or the manual or ideal custody of anything which may be the subject of property, for one's use and enjoyment, either as owner or as the proprietor of a qualified right in it, and either held personally or by another who exercises it in one's place and name. Possession includes the act or state of possessing and that condition of facts under which one can exercise his power over a corporeal thing at his pleasure to the exclusion of all other persons. Possession includes constructive possession which means not actual but assumed to exist, where one claims to hold by virtue of some title, without having actual custody.

Public as used in referring to museums, zoological parks, and scientific or educational institutions, refers to such as are open to the general public and are either established, maintained, and operated as a governmental service or are privately endowed and organized but not operated for profit.

Reptile means a member of the class, Reptilia, including but not limited to, turtles, snakes, lizards, crocodiles, and alligators; including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof, whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior or his authorized representative.

Service means the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior.

Shellfish means an aquatic invertebrate animal having a shell, including, but not limited to, (a) an oyster, clam, or other mollusk; and (b) a lobster or other crustacean; or any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof, or the dead body or parts thereof (excluding fossils), whether or not included in a manufactured product or in a processed food product.

State means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and Guam.

Take means to pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect, or attempt to pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect. (With reference to marine mammals, see Part 18 of this subchapter.)

Transportation means to ship, convey, carry or transport by any means whatever, and deliver or receive for such shipment, conveyance, carriage, or transportation.

United States means the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and Guam.

Whoever means the same as person.

Wildlife means the same as fish or wildlife.

[38 FR 22015, Aug. 15, 1973, as amended at 42 FR 32377, June 24, 1977; 42 FR 59358, Nov. 16, 1977; 45 FR 56673, Aug. 25, 1980; 50 FR 52889, Dec. 26, 1985]

§ 10.13   List of Migratory Birds.

The following is a list of all species of migratory birds protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703–711) and subject to the regulations on migratory birds contained in this subchapter B of title 50 CFR. The species listed are those protected by the Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds, August 16, 1916, United States-Great Britain (on behalf of Canada), 39 Stat. 1702, T.S. No. 628; the Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds and Game Mammals, February 7, 1936, United States-Mexico, 50 Stat. 1311, T.S. No. 912; the Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds and Birds in Danger of Extinction, and Their Environment, March 4, 1972, United States-Japan, 25 U.S.T. 3329, T.I.A.S. No. 7990; and the Convention for the Conservation of Migratory Birds and Their Environment, United States-U.S.S.R., November 26, 1976, 92 Stat. 3110, T.I.A.S. 9073, 16 U.S.C. 703, 712. The species are listed two ways. In the first part of the List species are arranged alphabetically by English (common) name groups, with the scientific name following the English (common) name. All species of ducks are listed together under the heading “Ducks”. In the second part of the List, species are listed by scientific name arranged in taxonomic order. Taxonomy and nomenclature follows the American Ornithologists' Union's Check-list of North American Birds (6th Edition, 1983).

I. Alphabetical Listing

Accentor, Siberian, Prunella montanella


Black-footed, Diomedea nigripes

Laysan, Diomedea immutabilis

Short-tailed, Diomedea albatrus

Yellow-nosed, Diomedea chlororhynchos

Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga


Groove-billed, Crotophaga sulcirostris

Smooth-billed, Crotophaga ani


Cassin's, Ptychoramphus aleuticus

Crested, Aethia cristatella

Least, Aethia pusilla

Parakeet, Cyclorrhynchus psittacula

Rhinoceros, Cerorhinca monocerata

Whiskered, Aethia pygmaea

Avocet, American, Recurvirostra americana

Barn-Owl, Common, Tyto alba

Beardless-Tyrannulet, Northern, Camptostoma imberbe

Becard, Rose-throated, Pachyramphus aglaiae


American, Botaurus lentiginosus

Chinese, Ixobrychus sinensis

Least, Ixobrychus exilis

Schrenk's, Ixobrychus eurhythmus

Black-Hawk, Common, Buteogallus anthracinus


Brewer's, Euphagus cyanocephalus

Red-winged, Agelaius phoeniceus

Rusty, Euphagus carolinus

Tawny-shouldered, Agelaius humeralis

Tricolored, Agelaius tricolor

Yellow-headed, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Yellow-shouldered, Agelaius xanthomus


Eastern, Sialia sialis

Mountain, Sialia currucoides

Western, Sialia mexicana

Bluethroat, Luscinia svecica

Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus


Blue-footed, Sula nebouxii

Brown, Sula leucogaster

Masked, Sula dactylatra

Red-footed, Sula sula

Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla

Brant, Branta bernicla

Bufflehead (see DUCKS)


Eurasian, Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Puerto Rican, Loxigilla portoricensis


Indigo, Passerina cyanea

Lark, Calamospiza melanocorys

Lazuli, Passerina amoena

McKay's, Plectrophenax hyperboreus

Painted, Passerina ciris

Reed (see Reed-Bunting)

Rustic, Emberiza rustica

Snow, Plectrophenax nivalis

Varied, Passerina versicolor

Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus

Canvasback (see DUCKS)

Caracara, Crested, Polyborus plancus

Cardinal, Northern, Cardinalis cardinalis

Carib, Green-throated, Eulampis holosericeus

Catbird, Gray, Dumetella carolinensis

Chat, Yellow-breasted, Icteria virens

Chickadee (see Tit):

Black-capped, Parus atricapillus

Boreal, Parus hudsonicus

Carolina, Parus carolinensis

Chestnut-backed, Parus rufescens

Mexican, Parus sclateri

Mountain, Parus gambeli

Chuck-will's-widow, Caprimulgus carolinensis

Condor, California, Gymnogyps californianus


American, Fulica americana

Caribbean, Fulica caribaea

Eurasian, Fulica atra


Brandt's, Phalacrocorax penicillatus

Double-crested, Phalacrocorax auritus

Great, Phalacrocorax carbo

Olivaceous, Phalacrocorax olivaceus

Pelagic, Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Red-faced, Phalacrocorax urile


Bronzed, Molothrus aeneus

Brown-headed, Molothrus ater

Shiny, Molothrus bonariensis


Corn, Crex crex

Yellow-breasted, Porzana flaviventer


Common, Grus grus

Sandhill, Grus canadensis

Whooping, Grus americana

Creeper, Brown, Certhia americana


Red, Loxia curvirostra

White-winged, Loxia leucoptera


American, Corvus brachyrhynchos

Fish, Corvus ossifragus

Hawaiian, Corvus hawaiiensis

Mexican, Corvus imparatus

Northwestern, Corvus caurinus

White-necked, Corvus leucognaphalus


Black-billed, Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Common, Cuculus canorus

Hawk (see Hawk-Cuckoo)

Lizard (see Lizard-Cuckoo)

Mangrove, Coccyzus minor

Oriental, Cuculus saturatus

Yellow-billed, Coccyzus americanus

Curlew (see Whimbrel):

Bristle-thighed, Numenius tahitiensis

Eskimo, Numenius borealis

Far Eastern, Numenius madagascariensis

Least, Numenius minutus

Long-billed, Numenius americanus

Dickcissel, Spiza americana

Dipper, American, Cinclus mexicanus

Dotterel, Eurasian, Charadrius morinellus


Ground (see Ground-Dove)

Inca, Columbina inca

Mourning, Zenaida macroura

Quail (see Quail-Dove)

White-tipped, Leptotila verreauxi

White-winged, Zenaida asiatica

Zenaida, Zenaida aurita

Dovekie, Alle alle


Long-billed, Limnodromus scolopaceus

Short-billed, Limnodromus griseus


American Black Duck, Anas rubripes

Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola

Canvasback, Aythya valisineria


Common, Somateria mollissima

King, Somateria spectabilis

Spectacled, Somateria fischeri

Steller's, Polysticta stelleri

Gadwall, Anas strepera

Garganey, Anas querquedula


Barrow's, Bucephala islandica

Common, Bucephala clangula

Harlequin Duck, Histrionicus histrionicus

Hawaiian Duck, Anas wyvilliana

Laysan Duck, Anas laysanensis

Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos

Masked Duck, Oxyura dominica


Common, Mergus merganser

Hooded, Lophodytes cucullatus

Red-breasted, Mergus serrator

Mottled Duck, Anas fulvigula

Oldsquaw, Clangula hyemalis


Northern, Anas acuta

White-cheeked, Anas bahamensis


Baer's, Aythya baeri

Common, Aythya ferina

Redhead, Aythya americana

Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris

Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis


Greater, Aythya marila

Lesser, Aythya affinis


Black, Melanitta nigra

Surf, Melanitta perspicillata

White-winged, Melanitta fusca

Shoveler, Northern, Anas clypeata

Smew, Mergellus albellus


Baikal, Anas formosa

Blue-winged, Anas discors

Cinnamon, Anas cyanoptera

Falcated, Anas falcata

Green-winged, Anas crecca

Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula


Black-bellied, Dendrocygna autumnalis

Fulvous, Dendrocygna bicolor

West Indian, Dendrocygna arborea


American, Anas americana

Eurasian, Anas penelope

Wood Duck, Aix sponsa

End of Ducks

Dunlin, Calidris alpina


Bald, Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Golden, Aquila chrysaetos

Sea (see Sea-Eagle)

White-tailed, Haliaeetus albicilla


Cattle, Bubulcus ibis

Chinese, Egretta eulophotes

Great, Casmerodius albus

Plumed, Egretta intermedia

Reddish, Egretta rufescens

Snowy, Egretta thula

Eider (see DUCKS)

Elaenia, Caribbean, Elaenia martinica

Emerald, Puerto Rican, Chlorostilbon maugaeus

Euphonia, Antillean, Euphonia musica


Aplomado, Falco femoralis

Peregrine, Falco peregrinus

Prairie, Falco mexicanus

Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris


Cassin's, Carpodacus cassinii

House, Carpodacus mexicanus

Purple, Carpodacus purpureus

Rosy, Leucosticte arctoa

Flamingo, Greater, Phoenicopterus ruber

Flicker, Northern, Colaptes auratus


Acadian, Empidonax virescens

Alder, Empidonax alnorum

Ash-throated, Myiarchus cinerascens

Brown-crested, Myiarchus tyrannulus

Buff-breasted, Empidonax fulvifrons

Dusky, Empidonax oberholseri

Dusky-capped, Myiarchus tuberculifer

Fork-tailed, Tyrannus savana

Gray, Empidonax wrightii

Gray-spotted, Muscicapa griseisticta

Great Crested, Myiarchus crinitus

Hammond's, Empidonax hammondii

Least, Empidonax minimus

Narcissus, Muscicapa narcissina

Nutting's, Myiarchus nuttingi

Olive-sided, Contopus borealis

Puerto Rican, Myiarchus antillarum

Scissor-tailed, Tyrannus forficatus

Sulphur-bellied, Myiodynastes luteiventris

Vermilion, Pyrocephalus rubinus

Western, Empidonax difficilis

Willow, Empidonax traillii

Yellow-bellied, Empidonax flaviventris


Great, Fregata minor

Magnificent, Fregata magnificens

Lesser, Fregata ariel

Fulmar, Northern, Fulmarus glacialis

Gadwall (see DUCKS)

Gallinule, Purple, Porphyrula martinica

Gannet, Northern, Sula bassanus

Garganey (see DUCKS)


Black-capped, Polioptila nigriceps

Black-tailed, Polioptila melanura

Blue-gray, Polioptila caerulea


Bar-tailed, Limosa lapponica

Black-tailed, Limosa limosa

Hudsonian, Limosa haemastica

Marbled, Limosa fedoa

Golden-Plover, Lesser, Pluvialis dominica

Goldeneye (see DUCKS)


American, Carduelis tristis

Lawrence's, Carduelis lawrencei

Lesser, Carduelis psaltria


Barnacle, Branta leucopsis

Bean, Anser fabalis

Canada, Branta canadensis

Emperor, Chen canagica

Greater White-fronted, Anser albifrons

Hawaiian, Nesochen sandvicensis

Ross', Chen rossii

Snow, Chen caerulescens

Goshawk, Northern, Accipiter gentilis


Boat-tailed, Quiscalus major

Common, Quiscalus quiscula

Great-tailed, Quiscalus mexicanus

Greater Antillean, Quiscalus niger

Grasshopper-Warbler, Middendorff's, Locustella ochotensis


Black-faced, Tiaris bicolor

Yellow-faced, Tiaris olivacea


Eared, Podiceps nigricollis

Horned, Podiceps auritus

Least, Tachybaptus dominicus

Pied-billed, Podilymbus podiceps

Red-necked, Podiceps grisegena

Western, Aechmophorus occidentalis

Greenfinch, Oriental, Carduelis sinica

Greenshank, Common, Tringa nebularia


Black-headed, Pheucticus melanocephalus

Blue, Guiraca caerulea

Crimson-collared, Rhodothraupis celaeno

Evening, Coccothraustes vespertinus

Pine, Pinicola enucleator

Rose-breasted, Pheucticus ludovicianus

Yellow, Pheucticus chrysopeplus


Common, Columbina passerina

Ruddy, Columbina talpacoti


Black, Cepphus grylle

Pigeon, Cepphus columba


Bonaparte's, Larus philadelphia

California, Larus californicus

Common Black-headed, Larus ridibundus

Franklin's, Larus pipixcan

Glaucous, Larus hyperboreus

Glaucous-winged, Larus glaucescens

Great Black-backed, Larus marinus

Heermann's, Larus heermanni

Herring, Larus argentatus

Iceland, Larus glaucoides

Ivory, Pagophila eburnea

Laughing, Larus atricilla

Lesser Black-backed, Larus fuscus

Little, Larus minutus

Mew, Larus canus

Ring-billed, Larus delawarensis

Ross', Rhodostethia rosea

Sabine's, Xema sabini

Slaty-backed, Larus schistisagus

Thayer's, Larus thayeri

Western, Larus occidentalis

Yellow-footed, Larus livens

Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus

Harrier, Northern, Circus cyaneus

Hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes


Asiatic Sparrow, Accipiter gularis

Black (see Black-Hawk)

Broad-winged, Buteo platypterus

Cooper's, Accipiter cooperii

Ferruginous, Buteo regalis

Gray, Buteo nitidus

Harris', Parabuteo unicinctus

Hawaiian, Buteo solitarius

Red-shouldered, Buteo lineatus

Red-tailed, Buteo jamaicensis

Rough-legged, Buteo lagopus

Sharp-shinned, Accipiter striatus

Short-tailed, Buteo brachyurus

Swainson's, Buteo swainsoni

White-tailed, Buteo albicaudatus

Zone-tailed, Buteo albonotatus

Hawk-Cuckoo, Hodgson's, Cuculus fugax

Hawk-Owl, Northern, Surnia ulula


Great Blue, Ardea herodias

Green-backed, Butorides striatus

Little Blue, Egretta caerulea

Night (see Night-Heron)

Pacific Reef, Egretta sacra

Tricolored, Egretta tricolor

Hoopoe, Upupa epops

House-Martin, Common, Delichon urbica

Hummingbird (see Carib, Emerald, Mango, Starthroat, Woodstar, Violet-ear):

Allen's, Selasphorus sasin

Anna's, Calypte anna

Antillean Crested, Orthorhynchus cristatus

Berylline, Amazilia beryllina

Black-chinned, Archilochus alexandri

Blue-throated, Lampornis clemenciae

Broad-billed, Cynanthus latirostris

Broad-tailed, Selasphorus platycercus

Buff-bellied, Amazilia yucatanensis

Calliope, Stellula calliope

Costa's, Calypte costae

Lucifer, Calothorax lucifer

Magnificent, Eugenes fulgens

Ruby-throated, Archilochus colubris

Rufous, Selasphorus rufus

Violet-crowned, Amazilia violiceps

White-eared, Hylocharis leucotis


Glossy, Plegadis falcinellus

Scarlet, Eudocimus ruber

White, Eudocimus albus

White-faced, Plegadis chihi

Jabiru, Jabiru mycteria

Jacana, Northern, Jacana spinosa


Long-tailed, Stercorarius longicaudus

Parasitic, Stercorarius parasiticus

Pomarine, Stercorarius pomarinus


Blue, Cyanocitta cristata

Brown, Cyanocorax morio

Gray, Perisoreus canadensis

Gray-breasted, Aphelocoma ultramarina

Green, Cyanocorax yncas

Pinyon, Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

Scrub, Aphelocoma coerulescens

Steller's, Cyanocitta stelleri


Dark-eyed, Junco hyemalis

Yellow-eyed, Junco phaeonotus


American, Falco sparverius

Eurasian, Falco tinnunculus

Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus


Cassin's, Tyrannus vociferans

Couch's, Tyrannus couchii

Eastern, Tyrannus tyrannus

Gray, Tyrannus dominicensis

Loggerhead, Tyrannus caudifasciatus

Thick-billed, Tyrannus crassirostris

Tropical, Tyrannus melancholicus

Western, Tyrannus verticalis


Belted, Ceryle alcyon

Green, Chloroceryle americana

Ringed, Cyeryle torquata


Golden-crowned, Regulus satrapa

Ruby-crowned, Regulus calendula

Kiskadee, Great, Pitangus sulphuratus


American Swallow-tailed, Elanoides forficatus

Black, Milvus migrans

Black-shouldered, Elanus caeruleus

Hook-billed, Chondrohierax uncinatus

Mississippi, Ictinia mississippiensis

Snail, Rostrhamus sociabilis


Black-legged, Larus tridactyla

Red-legged, Larus brevirostris


Great, Calidris tenuirostris

Red, Calidris canutus

Lapwing, Northern, Vanellus vanellus

Lark, Horned, Eremophila alpestris

Limpkin, Aramus guarauna

Lizard-Cuckoo, Puerto Rican, Saurothera vieilloti


Chestnut-collared, Calcarius ornatus

Lapland, Calcarius lapponicus

McCown's, Calcarius mccownii

Smith's, Calcarius pictus


Arctic, Gavia arctica

Common, Gavia immer

Red-throated, Gavia stellata

Yellow-billed, Gavia adamsii


Black-billed, Pica pica

Yellow-billed, Pica nuttalli

Mallard (see DUCKS)


Antillean, Anthracothorax dominicus

Green, Anthracothorax viridis


Caribbean, Progne dominicensis

Cuban, Progne cryptoleuca

Gray-breasted, Progne chalybea

House (see House-Martin)

Purple, Progne subis


Eastern, Sturnella magna

Western, Sturnella neglecta

Merganser (see DUCKS)

Merlin, Falco columbarius

Mockingbird, Northern, Mimus polyglottos

Moorhen, Common, Gallinula chloropus


Common, Uria aalge

Thick-billed, Uria lomvia


Ancient, Synthliboramphus antiquus

Craveri's, Synthliboramphus craveri

Kittlitz's, Brachyramphus brevirostris

Marbled, Brachyramphus marmoratus

Xantus', Synthliboramphus hypoleucus

Needletail, White-throated, Hirundapus caudacutus


Black-crowned, Nycticorax nycticorax

Japanese, Nycticorax goisagi

Malay, Nycticorax melanolophus

Yellow-crowned, Nycticorax violaceus


Antillean, Chordeiles gundlachii

Common, Chordeiles minor

Lesser, Chordeiles acutipennis


Buff-collared, Caprimulgus ridgwayi

Jungle, Caprimulgus indicus

Puerto Rican, Caprimulgus noctitherus


Black, Anous minutus

Blue-gray, Procelsterna cerulea

Brown, Anous stolidus

Lesser, Anous tenuirostris

Nutcracker, Clark's, Nucifraga columbiana


Brown-headed, Sitta pusilla

Pygmy, Sitta pygmaea

Red-breasted, Sitta canadensis

White-breasted, Sitta carolinensis

Oldsquaw (see DUCKS)


Altamira, Icterus gularis

Audubon's, Icterus graduacauda

Black-cowled, Icterus dominicensis

Black-vented, Icterus wagleri

Hooded, Icterus cucullatus

Northern, Icterus galbula

Orchard, Icterus spurius

Scott's, Icterus parisorum

Streak-backed, Icterus pustulatus

Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapillus


Barn (see Barn-Owl)

Barred, Strix varia

Boreal, Aegolius funereus

Burrowing, Athene cunicularia

Elf, Micrathene whitneyi

Flammulated, Otus flammeolus

Great Gray, Strix nebulosa

Great Horned, Bubo virginianus

Hawk (see Hawk-Owl)

Long-eared, Asio otus

Pygmy (see Pygmy-Owl)

Saw-whet (see Saw-Whet Owl)

Screech (see Screech-Owl)

Short-eared, Asio flammeus

Snowy, Nyctea scandiaca

Spotted, Strix occidentalis


American, Haematopus palliatus

Black, Haematopus bachmani


Northern, Parula americana

Tropical, Parula pitiayumi

Pauraque, Common, Nyctidromus albicollis


American White, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Brown, Pelecanus occidentalis


Black-capped, Pterodroma hasitata

Bonin, Pterodroma hypoleuca

Bulwer's, Bulweria bulwerii

Cook's, Pterodroma cookii

Dark-rumped, Pterodroma phaeopygia

Herald, Pterodroma arminjoniana

Kermadec, Pterodroma neglecta

Mottled, Pterodroma inexpectata

Murphy's, Pterodroma ultima

Storm (see Storm-Petrel)

White-necked, Pterodroma externa


Greater, Contopus pertinax

Lesser Antillean, Contopus latirostris

Wood (see Wood-Pewee)

Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens


Red, Phalaropus fulicaria

Red-necked, Phalaropus lobatus

Wilson's, Phalaropus tricolor


Black, Sayornis nigricans

Eastern, Sayornis phoebe

Say's, Sayornis saya


Band-tailed, Columba fasciata

Plain, Columba inornata

Red-billed, Columba flavirostris

Scaly-naped, Columba squamosa

White-crowned, Columba leucocephala

Pintail (see DUCKS)


Pechora, Anthus gustavi

Red-throated, Anthus cervinus

Sprague's, Anthus spragueii

Tree (see Tree-Pipit)

Water, Anthus spinoletta


Black-bellied, Pluvialis squatarola

Common Ringed, Charadrius hiaticula

Golden (see Golden-Plover)

Great Sand, Charadrius leschenaultii

Little Ringed, Charadrius dubius

Mongolian, Charadrius mongolus

Mountain, Charadrius montanus

Piping, Charadrius melodus

Semipalmated, Charadrius semipalmatus

Snowy, Charadrius alexandrinus

Wilson's, Charadrius wilsonia

Pochard (see DUCKS)

Poorwill, Common, Phalaenoptilus nuttallii


Atlantic, Fratercula arctica

Horned, Fratercula corniculata

Tufted, Fratercula cirrhata


Ferruginous, Glaucidium brasilianum

Northern, Glaucidium gnoma

Pyrrhuloxia, Cardinalis sinuatus


Bridled, Geotrygon mystacea

Key West, Geotrygon chrysia

Ruddy, Geotrygon montana


Black, Laterallus jamaicensis

Clapper, Rallus longirostris

King, Rallus elegans

Sora (see Sora)

Virginia, Rallus limicola

Yellow, Coturnicops noveboracensis


Chihuahuan, Corvus cryptoleucus

Common, Corvus corax

Razorbill, Alca torda

Redhead (see DUCKS)


Common, Carduelis flammea

Hoary, Carduelis hornemanni

Redshank, Spotted, Tringa erythropus


American, Setophaga ruticilla

Painted, Myioborus pictus

Slaty-throated, Myioborus miniatus


Common, Emberiza schoeniculus

Pallas', Emberiza pallasi

Roadrunner, Greater, Geococcyx californianus


American, Turdus migratorius

Clay-colored, Turdus grayi

Rufous-backed, Turdus rufopalliatus

Rosefinch, Common, Carpodacus erythrinus

Rough-winged Swallow, Northern, Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Rubythroat, Siberian, Luscinia calliope

Ruff, Philomachus pugnax

Sanderling, Calidris alba


Baird's, Calidris bairdii

Broad-billed, Limicola falcinellus

Buff-breasted, Tryngites subruficollis

Common, Actitis hypoleucos

Curlew, Calidris ferruginea

Least, Calidris minutilla

Marsh, Tringa stagnatilis

Pectoral, Calidris melanotos

Purple, Calidris maritima

Rock, Calidris ptilocnemis

Semipalmated, Calidris pusilla

Sharp-tailed, Calidris acuminata

Solitary, Tringa solitaria

Spoonbill, Eurynorhynchus pygmeus

Spotted, Actitis macularia

Stilt, Calidris himantopus

Terek, Xenus cinereus

Upland, Bartramia longicauda

Western, Calidris mauri

White-rumped, Calidris fuscicollis

Wood, Tringa glareola


Red-breasted, Sphyrapicus ruber

Williamson's, Sphyrapicus thyroideus

Yellow-bellied, Sphyrapicus varius

Saw-whet Owl, Northern, Aegolius acadicus

Scaup (see DUCKS)

Scoter (see DUCKS)


Eastern, Otus asio

Puerto Rican, Otus nudipes

Western, Otus kennicottii

Whiskered, Otus trichopsis

Sea-Eagle, Steller's, Haliaeetus pelagicus

Seedeater, White-collared, Sporophila torqueola


Audubon's, Puffinus lherminieri

Black-vented, Puffinus opisthomelas

Buller's, Puffinus bulleri

Christmas, Puffinus nativitatus

Cory's, Calonectris diomedea

Flesh-footed, Puffinus carneipes

Greater, Puffinus gravis

Little, Puffinus assimilis

Manx, Puffinus puffinus

Pink-footed, Puffinus creatopus

Short-tailed, Puffinus tenuirostris

Sooty, Puffinus griseus

Townsend's, Puffinus auricularis

Wedge-tailed, Puffinus pacificus

Shoveler (see DUCKS)


Loggerhead, Lanius ludovicianus

Northern, Lanius excubitor

Siskin, Pine, Carduelis pinus

Skimmer, Black, Rhynchops niger


Great, Catharacta skua

South Polar, Catharacta maccormicki

Skylark, Eurasian, Alauda arvensis

Smew (see DUCKS)


Common, Gallinago gallinago

Jack, Lymnocryptes minimus

Pin-tailed, Gallinago stenura

Swinhoe's, Gallinago megala

Solitaire, Townsend's, Myadestes townsendi

Sora, Porzana carolina


American Tree, Spizella arborea

Bachman's, Aimophila aestivalis

Baird's, Ammodramus bairdii

Black-chinned, Spizella atrogularis

Black-throated, Amphispiza bilineata

Botteri's, Aimophila botterii

Brewer's, Spizella breweri

Cassin's, Aimophila cassinii

Chipping, Spizella passerina

Clay-colored, Spizella pallida

Field, Spizella pusilla

Five-striped, Amphispiza quinquestriata

Fox, Passerella iliaca

Golden-crowned, Zonotrichia atricapilla

Grasshopper, Ammodramus savannarum

Harris', Zonotrichia querula

Henslow's, Ammodramus henslowii

Lark, Chondestes grammacus

Le Conte's, Ammodramus leconteii

Lincoln's, Melospiza lincolnii

Olive, Arremenops rufivirgatus

Rufous-crowned, Aimophila ruificeps

Rufous-winged, Aimophila carpalis

Sage, Amphispiza belli

Savannah, Passerculus sandwichensis

Seaside, Ammodramus maritimus

Sharp-tailed, Ammodramus caudacutus

Song, Melospiza melodia

Swamp, Melospiza georgiana

Vesper, Pooecetes gramineus

White-crowned, Zonotrichia leucophrys

White-throated, Zonotrichia albicollis

Worthen's, Spizella wortheni

Spoonbill, Roseate, Ajaia ajaja


Ashy, Sturnus cineraceus

Violet-backed, Sturnus philippensis

Starthroat, Plain-capped Heliomaster constantii,

Stilt, Black-necked, Himantopus mexicanus


Little, Calidris minuta

Long-toed, Calidris subminuta

Rufous-necked, Calidris ruficollis

Temminck's, Calidris temminckii

Stork, Wood, Mycteria americana


Ashy, Oceanodroma homochroa

Band-rumped, Oceanodroma castro

Black, Oceanodroma melania

Fork-tailed, Oceanodroma furcata

Leach's, Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Least, Oceanodroma microsoma

Sooty, Oceanodroma tristrami

Wedge-rumped, Oceanodroma tethys

White-faced, Pelagadroma marina

Wilson's, Oceanites oceanicus

Surfbird, Aphriza virgata


Bahama, Tachycineta cyaneoviridis

Bank, Riparia riparia

Barn, Hirundo rustica

Cave, Hirundo fulva

Cliff, Hirundo pyrrhonota

Rough-winged (see Rough-winged Swallow)

Tree, Tachycineta bicolor

Violet-green, Tachycineta thalassina


Trumpeter, Cygnus buccinator

Tundra, Cygnus columbianus

Whooper, Cygnus cygnus


Antillean Palm, Tachornis pheonicobia

Black, Cypseloides niger

Chimney, Chaetura pelagica

Common, Apus apus

Fork-tailed, Apus pacificus

Needle-tailed (see Needletail)

Vaux's, Chaetura vauxi

White-collared, Streptoprocne zonaris

White-throated, Aeronautes saxatalis


Hepatic, Piranga flava

Puerto Rican, Neospingus speculiferus

Scarlet, Piranga olivacea

Stripe-headed, Spindalis zena

Summer, Piranga rubra

Western, Piranga ludoviciana


Gray-tailed, Heteroscelus brevipes

Wandering, Heteroscelus incanus

Teal (see DUCKS)


Aleutian, Sterna aleutica

Arctic, Sterna paradisaea

Black, Chlidonias niger

Black-naped, Sterna sumatrana

Bridled, Sterna anaethetus

Caspian, Sterna caspia

Common, Sterna hirundo

Elegant, Sterna elegans

Forster's, Sterna forsteri

Gray-backed, Sterna lunata

Gull-billed, Sterna nilotica

Least, Sterna antillarum

Little, Sterna albifrons

Roseate, Sterna dougallii

Royal, Sterna maxima

Sandwich, Sterna sandvicensis

Sooty, Sterna fuscata

White, Gygis alba

White-winged, Chlidonias leucopterus


Bendire's, Toxostoma bendirei

Brown, Toxostoma rufum

California, Toxostoma redivivum

Crissal, Toxostoma crissale

Curve-billed, Toxostoma curvirostre

Le Conte's, Toxostoma lecontei

Long-billed, Toxostoma longirostre

Pearly-eyed, Margarops fuscatus

Sage, Oreoscoptes montanus


Aztec, Ridgwayia pinicola

Blue Rock, Monticola solitarius

Dusky, Turdus naumanni

Eye-browed, Turdus obscurus

Gray-cheeked, Catharus minimus

Hawaiian, Phaeornis obscurus

Hermit, Catharus guttatus

Red-legged, Turdus plumbeus

Small Kauai, Phaeornis palmeri

Swainson's, Catharus ustulatus

Varied, Ixoreus naevius

Wood, Hylocichla minima

Tit, Siberian, Parus cinctus


Bridled, Parus wollweberi

Plain, Parus inornatus

Tufted, Parus bicolor


Abert's, Pipilo aberti

Brown, Pipilo fuscus

Green-tailed, Pipilo chlorurus

Rufous-sided, Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Tree-Pipit, Olive, Anthus hodgsoni


Eared, Euptilotus neoxenus

Elegant, Trogon elegans


Red-billed, Phaethon aethereus

Red-tailed, Phaethon rubricauda

White-tailed, Phaethon lepturus


Black, Arenaria melanocephala

Ruddy, Arenaria interpres

Veery, Catharus fuscescens

Verdin, Auriparus flaviceps

Violet-Ear, Green, Colibri thalassinus


Bell's Vireo bellii

Black-capped, Vireo atricapillus

Black-whiskered, Vireo altiloquus

Gray, Vireo vicinior

Hutton's, Vireo huttoni

Philadelphia, Vireo philadelphicus

Puerto Rican, Vireo latimeri

Red-eyed, Vireo olivaceus

Solitary, Vireo solitarius

Warbling, Vireo gilvus

White-eyed, Vireo griseus

Yellow-throated, Vireo flavifrons


Black, Coragyps atratus

Turkey, Cathartes aura


Black-backed, Motacilla lugens

Gray, Motacilla cinerea

White, Motacilla alba

Yellow, Motacilla flava


Adelaide's, Dendroica adelaidae

Arctic, Phylloscopus borealis

Bachman's Vermivora bachmanii

Bay-breasted, Dendroica castanea

Black-and-white, Mniotilta varia

Black-throated Blue, Dendroica caerulescens

Black-throated Gray, Dendroica nigrescens

Black-throated Green, Dendroica virens

Blackburnian, Dendroica fusca

Blackpoll, Dendroica striata

Blue-winged, Vermivora pinus

Canada, Wilsonia canadensis

Cape May, Dendroica tigrina

Cerulean, Dendroica cerulea

Chestnut-sided, Dendroica pensylvanica

Colima, Vermivora crissalis

Connecticut, Oporornis agilis

Elfin Woods, Dendroica angelae

Golden-cheeked, Dendroica chrysoparia

Golden-crowned, Basileuterus culicivorus

Golden-winged, Vermivora chrysoptera

Grace's, Dendroica graciae

Grasshopper (see Grasshopper-Warbler)

Hermit, Dendroica occidentalis

Hooded, Wilsonia citrina

Kentucky, Oporornis formosus

Kirtland's, Dendroica kirtlandii

Lucy's, Vermivora luciae

MacGillivray's, Oporornis tolmiei

Magnolia, Dendroica magnolia

Mourning, Oporornis philadelphia

Nashville, Vermivora ruficapilla

Olive, Peucedramus taeniatus

Orange-crowned, Vermivora celata

Palm, Dendroica palmarum

Parula (see Parula)

Pine, Dendroica pinus

Prairie, Dendroica discolor

Prothonotary, Protonotaria citrea

Red-faced, Cardellina rubrifrons

Rufous-capped, Basileuterus rufifrons

Swainson's, Limnothlypis swainsonii

Tennessee, Vermivora peregrina

Townsend's, Dendroica townsendi

Virgina's, Vermivora virginiae

Willow, Phylloscopus trochilus

Wilson's, Wilsonia pusilla

Worm-eating, Helmitheros vermivorus

Yellow, Dendroica petechia

Yellow-rumped, Dendroica coronata

Yellow-throated, Dendroica dominica


Louisiana, Seiurus motacilla

Northern, Seiurus noveboracensis


Bohemian, Bombycilla garrulus

Cedar, Bombycilla cedrorum

Wheatear, Northern, Oenanthe oenanthe

Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus

Whip-poor-will, Caprimulgus vociferus

Whistling-Duck (see DUCKS)

Wigeon (see DUCKS)

Willet, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus


Eastern, Contopus virens

Western, Contopus sordidulus


American, Scolopax minor

Eurasian, Scolopax rusticola


Acorn, Melanerpes formicivorus

Black-backed, Picoides arcticus

Downy, Picoides pubescens

Gila, Melanerpes uropygialis

Golden-fronted, Melanerpes aurifrons

Hairy, Picoides villosus

Ivory-billed, Campephilus principalis

Ladder-backed, Picoides scalaris

Lewis', Melanerpes lewis

Nuttall's, Picoides nuttallii

Pileated, Dryocopus pileatus

Puerto Rican, Melanerpes portoricensis

Red-bellied, Melanerpes carolinus

Red-cockaded, Picoides borealis

Red-headed, Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Strickland's, Picoides stricklandi

Three-toed, Picoides tridactylus

White-headed, Picoides albolarvatus

Woodstar, Bahama, Calliphlox evelynae


Bewick's Thryomanes bewickii

Cactus, Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Canyon, Catherpes mexicanus

Carolina, Thryothorus ludovicianus

House, Troglodytes aedon

Marsh, Cistothorus palustris

Rock, Salpinctes obsoletus

Sedge, Cistothorus platensis

Winter, Troglodytes troglodytes

Wryneck, Eurasian, Jynx torquilla


Greater, Tringa melanoleuca

Lesser, Tringa flavipes


Common, Geothlypis trichas

Gray-crowned, Geothlypis poliocephala

II. Taxonomic Listing



Gavia stellata, Red-throated Loon

Gavia arctica, Arctic Loon

Gavia immer, Common Loon

Gavia adamsii, Yellow-billed Loon



Tachybaptus dominicus, Least Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps, Pied-billed Grebe

Podiceps auritus, Horned Grebe

Podiceps grisegena, Red-necked Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis, Eared Grebe

Aechmophorus occidentalis, Western Grebe



Diomedea albatrus, Short-tailed Albatross

Diomedea nigripes, Black-footed Albatross

Diomedea immutabilis, Laysan Albatross

Diomedea chlororhynchos, Yellow-nosed Albatross


Fulmarus glacialis, Northern Fulmar

Pterodroma hasitata, Black-capped Petrel

Pterodroma phaeopygia, Dark-rumped Petrel

Pterodroma externa, White-necked Petrel

Pterodroma inexpectata, Mottled Petrel

Pterodroma ultima, Murphy's Petrel

Pterodroma neglecta, Kermadec Petrel

Pterodroma arminjoniana, Herald Petrel

Pterodroma cookii, Cook's Petrel

Pterodroma hypoleuca, Bonin Petrel

Bulweria bulwerii, Bulwer's Petrel

Calonectris diomedea, Cory's Shearwater

Puffinus creatopus, Pink-footed Shearwater

Puffinus carneipes, Flesh-footed Shearwater

Puffinus gravis, Greater Shearwater

Puffinus pacificus, Wedge-tailed Shearwater

Puffinus bulleri, Buller's Shearwater

Puffinus griseus, Sooty Shearwater

Puffinus tenuirostris, Short-tailed Shearwater

Puffinus nativitatis, Christmas Shearwater

Puffinus puffinus, Manx Shearwater

Puffinus opisthomelas, Black-vented Shearwater

Puffinus auricularis, Townsend's Shearwater

Puffinus assimilis, Little Shearwater

Puffinus lherminieri, Audubon's Shearwater


Oceanites oceanicus, Wilson's Storm-Petrel

Pelagodroma marina, White-faced Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma furcata, Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma leucorhoa, Leach's Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma homochroa, Ashy Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma castro, Band-rumped Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma tethys, Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma melania, Black Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma tristrami, Sooty Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma microsoma, Least Storm-Petrel



Phaethon lepturus, White-tailed Tropicbird

Phaethon aethereus, Red-billed Tropicbird

Phaethon rubricauda, Red-tailed Tropicbird


Sula dactylatra, Masked Booby

Sula nebouxii, Blue-footed Booby

Sula leucogaster, Brown Booby

Sula sula, Red-footed Booby

Sula bassanus, Northern Gannet


Pelecanus erythrorhynchos, American White Pelican

Pelecanus occidentalis, Brown Pelican


Phalacrocorax carbo, Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus, Double-crested Cormorant

Phalacrocorax olivaceus, Olivaceous Cormorant

Phalacrocorax penicillatus, Brandt's Cormorant

Phalacrocorax pelagicus, Pelagic Cormorant

Phalacrocorax urile, Red-faced Cormorant


Anhinga anhinga, Anhinga


Fregata magnificens, Magnificent Frigatebird

Fregata minor, Great Frigatebird

Fregata ariel, Lesser Frigatebird



Botaurus lentiginosus, American Bittern

Ixobrychus exilis, Least Bittern

Ixobrychus sinensis, Chinese Bittern

Ixobrychus eurhythmus, Schrenk's Bittern

Ardea herodias, Great Blue Heron

Casmerodius albus, Great Egret

Egretta eulophotes, Chinese Egret

Egretta sacra, Pacific Reef Heron

Egretta intermedia, Plumed Egret

Egretta thula, Snowy Egret

Egretta caerulea, Little Blue Heron

Egretta tricolor, Tricolored Heron

Egretta rufescens, Reddish Egret

Bubulcus ibis, Cattle Egret

Butorides striatus, Green-backed Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax, Black-crowned Night-Heron

Nycticorax melanolophus, Malay Night-Heron

Nycticorax goisagi, Japanese Night-Heron

Nycticorax violaceus, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron


Eudocimus albus, White Ibis

Eudocimus ruber, Scarlet Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus, Glossy Ibis

Plegadis chihi, White-faced Ibis

Ajaia ajaja, Roseate Spoonbill


Jabiru mycteria, Jabiru

Mycteria americana, Wood Stork



Phoenicopterus ruber, Greater Flamingo



Dendrocygna bicolor, Fulvous Whistling-Duck

Dendrocygna autumnalis, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

Dendrocygna arborea, West Indian Whistling-Duck

Cygnus columbianus, Tundra Swan

Cygnus cygnus, Whooper Swan

Cygnus buccinator, Trumpeter Swan

Anser fabalis, Bean Goose

Anser albifrons, Greater White-fronted Goose

Chen caerulescens, Snow Goose

Chen rossii, Ross' Goose

Chen canagica, Emperor Goose

Branta bernicla, Brant

Branta leucopsis, Barnacle Goose

Branta canadensis, Canada Goose

Nesochen sandvicensis, Hawaiian Goose

Aix sponsa, Wood Duck

Anas crecca, Green-winged Teal

Anas formosa, Baikal Teal

Anas falcata, Falcated Teal

Anas rubripes, American Black Duck

Anas fulvigula, Mottled Duck

Anas platyrhynchos, Mallard

Anas wyvilliana, Hawaiian Duck

Anas laysanensis, Laysan Duck

Anas bahamensis, White-cheeked Pintail

Anas acuta, Northern Pintail

Anas querquedula, Garganey

Anas discors, Blue-winged Teal

Anas cyanoptera, Cinnamon Teal

Anas clypeata, Northern Shoveler

Anas strepera, Gadwall

Anas penelope, Eurasian Wigeon

Anas americana, American Wigeon

Aythya ferina, Common Pochard

Aythya valisineria, Canvasback

Aythya americana, Redhead

Aythya baeri, Baer's Pochard

Aythya collaris, Ring-necked Duck

Aythya fuligula, Tufted Duck

Aythya marila, Greater Scaup

Aythya affinis, Lesser Scaup

Somateria mollissima, Common Eider

Somateria spectabilis, King Eider

Somateria fischeri, Spectacled Eider

Polysticta stelleri, Steller's Eider

Histrionicus histrionicus, Harlequin Duck

Clangula hyemalis, Oldsquaw

Melanitta nigra, Black Scoter

Melanitta perspicillata, Surf Scoter

Melanitta fusca, White-winged Scoter

Bucephala clangula, Common Goldeneye

Bucephala islandica, Barrow's Goldeneye

Bucephala albeola, Bufflehead

Mergellus albellus, Smew

Lophodytes cucullatus, Hooded Merganser

Mergus merganser, Common Merganser

Mergus serrator, Red-breasted Merganser

Oxyura jamaicensis, Ruddy Duck

Oxyura dominica, Masked Duck



Coragyps atratus, Black Vulture

Cathartes aura, Turkey Vulture

Gymnogyps californianus, California Condor


Pandion haliaetus, Osprey

Chondrohierax uncinatus, Hook-billed Kite

Elanoides forficatus, American Swallow-tailed Kite

Elanus caeruleus, Black-shouldered Kite

Rostrhamus sociabilis, Snail Kite

Ictinia mississippiensis, Mississippi Kite

Milvus migrans, Black Kite

Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus albicilla, White-tailed Eagle

Haliaeetus pelagicus, Steller's Sea-Eagle

Circus cyaneus, Northern Harrier

Accipiter gularis, Asiatic Sparrow Hawk

Accipiter striatus, Sharp-shinned Hawk

Accipiter cooperii, Cooper's Hawk

Accipiter gentilis, Northern Goshawk

Buteogallus anthracinus, Common Black-Hawk

Parabuteo unicinctus, Harris' Hawk

Buteo nitidus, Gray Hawk

Buteo lineatus, Red-shouldered Hawk

Buteo platypterus, Broad-winged Hawk

Buteo brachyurus, Short-tailed Hawk

Buteo swainsoni, Swainson's Hawk

Buteo albicaudatus, White-tailed Hawk

Buteo albonotatus, Zone-tailed Hawk

Buteo solitarius, Hawaiian Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis, Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo regalis, Ferruginous Hawk

Buteo lagopus, Rough-legged Hawk

Aquila chrysaetos, Golden Eagle


Polyborus plancus, Crested Caracara

Falco tinnunculus, Eurasian Kestrel

Falco sparverius, American Kestrel

Falco columbarius, Merlin

Falco femoralis, Aplomado Falcon

Falco peregrinus, Peregrine Falcon

Falco rusticolus, Gyrfalcon

Falco mexicanus, Prairie Falcon



Coturnicops noveboracensis, Yellow Rail

Laterallus jamaicensis, Black Rail

Crex crex, Corn Crake

Rallus longirostris, Clapper Rail

Rallus elegans, King Rail

Rallus limicola, Virginia Rail

Porzana carolina, Sora

Porzana flaviventer, Yellow-breasted Crake

Porphyrula martinica, Purple Gallinule

Gallinula chloropus, Common Moorhen

Fulica atra, Eurasian Coot

Fulica americana, American Coot

Fulica caribaea, Caribbean Coot


Aramus guarauna, Limpkin


Grus canadensis, Sandhill Crane

Grus grus, Common Crane

Grus americana, Whooping Crane



Vanellus vanellus, Northern Lapwing

Pluvialis squatarola, Black-bellied Plover

Pluvialis dominica, Lesser Golden-Plover

Charadrius mongolus, Mongolian Plover

Charadrius leschenaultii, Great Sand Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus, Snowy Plover

Charadrius wilsonia, Wilson's Plover

Charadrius hiaticula, Common Ringed Plover

Charadrius semipalmatus, Semipalmated Plover

Charadrius melodus, Piping Plover

Charadrius dubius, Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius vociferus, Killdeer

Charadrius montanus, Mountain Plover

Charadrius morinellus, Eurasian Dotterel


Haematopus palliatus, American Oystercatcher

Haematopus bachmani, Black Oystercatcher


Himantopus mexicanus, Black-necked Stilt

Recurvirostra americana, American Avocet


Jacana spinosa, Northern Jacana


Tringa nebularia, Common Greenshank

Tringa melanoleuca, Greater Yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes, Lesser Yellowlegs

Tringa stagnatilis, Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa erythropus, Spotted Redshank

Tringa glareola, Wood Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria, Solitary Sandpiper

Catoptrophorus semipalmatus, Willet

Heteroscelus incanus, Wandering Tattler

Heteroscelus brevipes, Gray-tailed Tattler

Actitis hypoleucos, Common Sandpiper

Actitis macularia, Spotted Sandpiper

Xenus cinereus, Terek Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda, Upland Sandpiper

Numenius minutus, Least Curlew

Numenius borealis, Eskimo Curlew

Numenius phaeopus, Whimbrel

Numenius tahitiensis, Bristle-thighed Curlew

Numenius madagascariensis, Far Eastern Curlew

Numenius americanus, Long-billed Curlew

Limosa limosa, Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa haemastica, Hudsonian Godwit

Limosa lapponica, Bar-tailed Godwit

Limosa fedoa, Marbled Godwit

Arenaria interpres, Ruddy Turnstone

Arenaria melanocephala, Black Turnstone

Aphriza virgata, Surfbird

Calidris tenuirostris, Great Knot

Calidris canutus, Red Knot

Calidris alba, Sanderling

Calidris pusilla, Semipalmated Sandpiper

Calidris mauri, Western Sandpiper

Calidris ruficollis, Rufous-necked Stint

Calidris minuta, Little Stint

Calidris temminckii, Temminck's Stint

Calidris subminuta, Long-toed Stint

Calidris minutilla, Least Sandpiper

Calidris fuscicollis, White-rumped Sandpiper

Calidris bairdii, Baird's Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos, Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris acuminata, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper

Calidris maritima, Purple Sandpiper

Calidris ptilocnemis, Rock Sandpiper

Calidris alpina, Dunlin

Calidris ferruginea, Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris himantopus, Stilt Sandpiper

Eurynorhynchus pygmeus, Spoonbill Sandpiper

Limicola falcinellus, Broad-billed Sandpiper

Tryngites subruficollis, Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Philomachus pugnax, Ruff

Limnodromus griseus, Short-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus, Long-billed Dowitcher

Lymnocryptes minimus, Jack Snipe

Gallinago gallinago, Common Snipe

Gallinago stenura, Pin-tailed Snipe

Gallinago megala, Swinhoe's Snipe

Scolopax rusticola, Eurasian Woodcock

Scolopax minor, American Woodcock

Phalaropus tricolor, Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus, Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus fulicaria, Red Phalarope


Stercorarius pomarinus, Pomarine Jaeger

Stercorarius parasiticus, Parasitic Jaeger

Stercorarius longicaudus, Long-tailed Jaeger

Catharacta skua, Great Skua

Catharacta maccormicki, South Polar Skua

Larus atricilla, Laughing Gull

Larus pipixcan, Franklin's Gull

Larus minutus, Little Gull

Larus ridibundus, Common Black-headed Gull

Larus philadelphia, Bonaparte's Gull

Larus heermanni, Heermann's Gull

Larus canus, Mew Gull

Larus delawarensis, Ring-billed Gull

Larus californicus, California Gull

Larus argentatus, Herring Gull

Larus thayeri, Thayer's Gull

Larus glaucoides, Iceland Gull

Larus fuscus, Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus schistisagus, Slaty-backed Gull

Larus livens, Yellow-footed Gull

Larus occidentalis, Western Gull

Larus glaucescens, Glaucous-winged Gull

Larus hyperboreus, Glaucous Gull

Larus marinus, Great Black-backed Gull

Rissa tridactyla, Black-legged Kittiwake

Rissa brevirostris, Red-legged Kittiwake

Rhodostethia rosea, Ross' Gull

Xema sabini, Sabine's Gull

Pagophila eburnea, Ivory Gull

Sterna nilotica, Gull-billed Tern

Sterna caspia, Caspian Tern

Sterna maxima, Royal Tern

Sterna elegans, Elegant Tern

Sterna sandvicensis, Sandwich Tern

Sterna dougallii, Roseate Tern

Sterna hirundo, Common Tern

Sterna paradisaea, Arctic Tern

Sterna aleutica, Aleutian Tern

Sterna forsteri, Forster's Tern

Sterna antillarum, Least Tern

Sterna albifrons, Little Tern

Sterna sumatrana, Black-naped Tern

Sterna lunata, Gray-backed Tern

Sterna anaethetus, Bridled Tern

Sterna fuscata, Sooty Tern

Chlidonias leucopterus, White-winged Tern

Chlidonias niger, Black Tern

Anous stolidus, Brown Noddy

Anous minutus, Black Noddy

Anous tenuirostris, Lesser Noddy

Procelsterna cerulea, Blue-Gray Noddy

Gygis alba, White Tern

Rynchops niger, Black Skimmer


Alle alle, Dovekie

Uria aalge, Common Murre

Uria lomvia, Thick-billed Murre

Alca torda, Razorbill

Cepphus grylle, Black Guillemot

Cepphus columba, Pigeon Guillemot

Brachyramphus marmoratus, Marbled Murrelet

Brachyramphus brevirostris, Kittlitz's Murrelet

Synthliboramphus hypoleucus, Xantus' Murrelet

Synthliboramphus craveri, Craveri's Murrelet

Synthliboramphus antiquus, Ancient Murrelet

Ptychoramphus aleuticus, Cassin's Auklet

Cyclorrhynchus psittacula, Parakeet Auklet

Aethia pusilla, Least Auklet

Aethia pygmaea, Whiskered Auklet

Aethia cristatella, Crested Auklet

Cerorhinca monocerata, Rhinoceros Auklet

Fratercula cirrhata, Tufted Puffin

Fratercula arctica, Atlantic Puffin

Fratercula corniculata, Horned Puffin



Columba squamosa, Scaly-naped Pigeon

Columba leucocephala, White-crowned Pigeon

Columba flavirostris, Red-billed Pigeon

Columba inornata, Plain Pigeon

Columba fasciata, Band-tailed Pigeon

Zenaida asiatica, White-winged Dove

Zenaida aurita, Zenaida Dove

Zenaida macroura, Mourning Dove

Columbina inca, Inca Dove

Columbina passerina, Common Ground-Dove

Columbina talpacoti, Ruddy Ground-Dove

Leptotila verreauxi, White-tipped Dove

Geotrygon chrysia, Key West Quail-Dove

Geotrygon mystacea, Bridled Quail-Dove

Geotrygon montana, Ruddy Quail-Dove



Cuculus canorus, Common Cuckoo

Cuculus saturatus, Oriental Cuckoo

Cuculus fugax, Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo

Coccyzus erythropthalmus, Black-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus, Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus minor, Mangrove Cuckoo

Geococcyx californianus, Greater Roadrunner

Saurothera vieilloti, Puerto Rican Lizard-Cuckoo

Crotophaga ani, Smooth-billed Ani

Crotophaga sulcirostris, Groove-billed Ani



Tyto alba, Common Barn-Owl


Otus flammeolus, Flammulated Owl

Otus asio, Eastern Screech-Owl

Otus kennicottii, Western Screech-Owl

Otus trichopsis, Whiskered Screech-Owl

Otus nudipes, Puerto Rican Screech-Owl

Bubo virginianus, Great Horned Owl

Nyctea scandiaca, Snowy Owl

Surnia ulula, Northern Hawk-Owl

Glaucidium gnoma, Northern Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium brasilianum, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl

Micrathene whitneyi, Elf Owl

Athene cunicularia, Burrowing Owl

Strix occidentalis, Spotted Owl

Strix varia, Barred Owl

Strix nebulosa, Great Gray Owl

Asio otus, Long-eared Owl

Asio flammeus, Short-eared Owl

Aegolius funereus, Boreal Owl

Aegolius acadicus, Northern Saw-whet Owl



Chordeiles acutipennis, Lesser Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor, Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles gundlachii, Antillean Nighthawk

Nyctidromus albicollis, Common Pauraque

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii, Common Poorwill

Caprimulgus carolinensis, Chuck-will's-widow

Caprimulgus ridgwayi, Buff-collared Nightjar

Caprimulgus vociferus, Whip-poor-will

Caprimulgus noctitherus, Puerto Rican Nightjar

Caprimulgus indicus, Jungle Nightjar



Cypseloides niger, Black Swift

Streptoprocne zonaris, White-collared Swift

Chaetura pelagica, Chimney Swift

Chaetura vauxi, Vaux's Swift

Hirundapus caudacutus, White-throated Needletail

Apus apus, Common Swift

Apus pacificus, Fork-tailed Swift

Aeronautes saxatalis, White-throated Swift

Tachornis phoenicobia, Antillean Palm Swift


Colibri thalassinus, Green Violet-ear

Anthracothorax dominicus, Antillean Mango

Anthracothorax viridis, Green Mango

Eulampis holosericeus, Green-throated Carib

Orthorhynchus cristatus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird

Chlorostilbon maugaeus, Puerto Rican Emerald

Cynanthus latirostris, Broad-billed Hummingbird

Hylocharis leucotis, White-eared Hummingbird

Amazilia beryllina, Berylline Hummingbird

Amazilia yucatanensis, Buff-bellied Hummingbird

Amazilia violiceps, Violet-crowned Hummingbird

Lampornis clemenciae, Blue-throated Hummingbird

Eugenes fulgens, Magnificent Hummingbird

Heliomaster constantii, Plain-capped Starthroat

Calliphlox evelynae, Bahama Woodstar

Calothorax lucifer, Lucifer Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris, Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus alexandri, Black-chinned Hummingbird

Calypte anna, Anna's Hummingbird

Calypte costae, Costa's Hummingbird

Stellula calliope, Calliope Hummingbird

Selasphorus platycercus, Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus, Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus sasin, Allen's Hummingbird



Trogon elegans, Elegant Trogon

Euptilotus neoxenus, Eared Trogon



Upupa epops, Hoopoe


Ceryle torquata, Ringed Kingfisher

Ceryle alcyon, Belted Kingfisher

Chloroceryle americana, Green Kingfisher



Jynx torquilla, Eurasian Wryneck

Melanerpes lewis, Lewis' Woodpecker

Melanerpes erythrocephalus, Red-headed Woodpecker

Melanerpes formicivorus, Acorn Woodpecker

Melanerpes uropygialis, Gila Woodpecker

Melanerpes aurifrons, Golden-fronted Woodpecker

Melanerpes carolinus, Red-bellied Woodpecker

Melanerpes portoricensis, Puerto Rican Woodpecker

Sphyrapicus varius, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus ruber, Red-breasted Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus thyroideus, Williamson's Sapsucker

Picoides scalaris, Ladder-Backed Woodpecker

Picoides nuttallii, Nuttall's Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens, Downy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus, Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides stricklandi, Strickland's Woodpecker

Picoides borealis, Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Picoides albolarvatus, White-headed Woodpecker

Picoides tridactylus, Three-toed Woodpecker

Picoides arcticus, Black-backed Woodpecker

Colaptes auratus, Northern Flicker

Dryocopus pileatus, Pileated Woodpecker

Campephilus principalis, Ivory-billed Woodpecker



Elaenia martinica, Caribbean Elaenia

Camptostoma imberbe, Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet

Contopus borealis, Olive-sided Flycatcher

Contopus pertinax, Greater Pewee

Contopus sordidulus, Western Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens, Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus latirostris, Lesser Antillean Pewee

Empidonax flaviventris, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Empidonax virescens, Acadian Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum, Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii, Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus, Least Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii, Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax oberholseri, Dusky Flycatcher

Empidonax wrightii, Gray Flycatcher

Empidonax difficilis, Western Flycatcher

Empidonax fulvifrons, Buff-breasted Flycatcher

Sayornis nigricans, Black Phoebe

Sayornis phoebe, Eastern Phoebe

Sayornis saya, Say's Phoebe

Pyrocephalus rubinus, Vermilion Flycatcher

Myiarchus tuberculifer, Dusky-capped Flycatcher

Myiarchus cinerascens, Ash-throated Flycatcher

Myiarchus nuttingi, Nutting's Flycatcher

Myiarchus crinitus, Great Crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus tyrannulus, Brown-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus antillarum, Puerto Rican Flycatcher

Pitangus sulphuratus, Great Kiskadee

Myiodynastes luteiventris, Sulpher-bellied Flycatcher

Tyrannus melancholicus, Tropical Kingbird

Tyrannus couchii, Couch's Kingbird

Tyrannus vociferans, Cassin's Kingbird

Tyrannus crassirostris, Thick-billed Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis, Western Kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus, Eastern Kingbird

Tyrannus dominicensis, Gray Kingbird

Tyrannus caudifasciatus, Loggerhead Kingbird

Tyrannus forficatus, Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus savana, Fork-tailed Flycatcher

Pachyramphus aglaiae, Rose-throated Becard


Alauda arvensis, Eurasian Skylark

Eremophila alpestris, Horned Lark


Progne subis, Purple Martin

Progne cryptoleuca, Cuban Martin

Progne dominicensis, Caribbean Martin

Progne chalybea, Gray-breasted Martin

Tachycineta bicolor, Tree Swallow

Tachycineta thalassina, Violet-green Swallow

Tachycineta cyaneoviridis, Bahama Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis, Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Riparia riparia, Bank Swallow

Hirundo pyrrhonota, Cliff Swallow

Hirundo fulva, Cave Swallow

Hirundo rustica, Barn Swallow

Delichon urbica, Common House-Martin


Perisoreus canadensis, Gray Jay

Cyanocitta stelleri, Steller's Jay

Cyanocitta cristata, Blue Jay

Cyanocorax yncas, Green Jay

Cyanocorax morio, Brown Jay

Aphelocoma coerulescens, Scrub Jay

Aphelocoma ultramarina, Gray-breasted Jay

Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus, Pinyon Jay

Nucifraga columbiana, Clark's Nutcracker

Pica pica, Black-billed Magpie

Pica nuttalli, Yellow-billed Magpie

Corvus brachyrhynchos, American Crow

Corvus caurinus, Northwestern Crow

Corvus leucognaphalus, White-necked Crow

Corvus imparatus, Mexican Crow

Corvus ossifragus, Fish Crow

Corvus hawaiiensis, Hawaiian Crow

Corvus cryptoleucus, Chihuahuan Raven

Corvus corax, Common Raven


Parus atricapillus, Black-capped Chickadee

Parus carolinensis, Carolina Chickadee

Parus sclateri, Mexican Chickadee

Parus gambeli, Mountain Chickadee

Parus cinctus, Siberian Tit

Parus hudsonicus, Boreal Chickadee

Parus rufescens, Chestnut-backed Chickadee

Parus wollweberi, Bridled Titmouse

Parus inornatus, Plain Titmouse

Parus bicolor, Tufted Titmouse


Auriparus flaviceps, Verdin


Psaltriparus minimus, Bushtit


Sitta canadensis, Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis, White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta pygmaea, Pygmy Nuthatch

Sitta pusilla, Brown-headed Nuthatch


Certhia americana, Brown Creeper


Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus, Cactus Wren

Salpinctes obsoletus, Rock Wren

Catherpes mexicanus, Canyon Wren

Thryothorus ludovicianus, Carolina Wren

Thryomanes bewickii, Bewick's Wren

Troglodytes aedon, House Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes, Winter Wren

Cistothorus platensis, Sedge Wren

Cistothorus palustris, Marsh Wren


Cinclus mexicanus, American Dipper



Locustella ochotensis, Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler

Phylloscopus borealis, Arctic Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus, Willow Warbler

Regulus satrapa, Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula, Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Polioptila caerulea, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Polioptila melanura, Black-tailed Gnatcatcher

Polioptila nigriceps, Black-capped Gnatcatcher


Muscicapa griseisticta, Gray-spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa narcissina, Narcissus Flycatcher

Subfamily TURDINAE

Luscinia calliope, Siberian Rubythroat

Luscinia svecica, Bluethroat

Monticola solitarius, Blue Rock Thrush

Oenanthe oenanthe, Northern Wheatear

Sialis sialis, Eastern Bluebird

Sialis mexicana, Western Bluebird

Sialis currucoides, Mountain Bluebird

Myadestes townsendi, Townsend's Solitaire

Phaeornis obscurus, Hawaiian Thrush

Phaeornis palmeri, Small Kauai Thrush

Catharus fuscescens, Veery

Catharus minimus, Gray-cheeked Thrush

Catharus ustulatus, Swainson's Thrush

Catharus guttatus, Hermit Thrush

Hylocichla mustelina, Wood Thrush

Turdus plumbeus, Red-legged Thrush

Turdus obscurus, Eye-browed Thrush

Turdus naumanni, Dusky Thrush

Turdus pilaris, Fieldfare

Turdus grayi, Clay-colored Robin

Turdus rufopalliatus, Rufous-backed Robin

Turdus migratorius, American Robin

Ixoreus naevius, Varied Thrush

Ridgwayia pinicola, Aztec Thrush


Dumetella carolinensis, Gray Catbird

Mimus polyglottos, Northern Mockingbird

Oreoscoptes montanus, Sage Thrasher

Toxostoma rufum, Brown Thrasher

Toxostoma longirostre, Long-billed Thrasher

Toxostoma bendirei, Bendire's Thrasher

Toxostoma curvirostre, Curve-billed Thrasher

Toxostoma redivivum, California Thrasher

Toxostoma crissale, Crissal Thrasher

Toxostoma lecontei, Le Conte's Thrasher

Margarops fuscatus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher


Prunella montanella, Siberian Accentor


Motacilla flava, Yellow Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea, Gray Wagtail

Motacilla alba, White Wagtail

Motacilla lugens, Black-backed Wagtail

Anthur hodgsoni, Olive Tree-Pipit

Anthus gustavi, Pechora Pipit

Anthus cervinus, Red-throated Pipit

Anthus spinoletta, Water Pipit

Anthus spragueii, Sprague's Pipit


Bombycilla garrulus, Bohemian Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum, Cedar Waxwing


Phainopepla nitens, Phainopepla


Lanius excubitor, Northern Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus, Loggerhead Shrike


Sturnus philippensis, Violet-backed Starling

Sturnus cineraceus, Ashy Starling


Vireo griseus, White-eyed Vireo

Vireo latimeri, Puerto Rican Vireo

Vireo bellii, Bells' Vireo

Vireo atricapillus, Black-capped Vireo

Vireo vicinior, Gray Vireo

Vireo solitarius, Solitary Vireo

Vireo flavifrons, Yellow-throated Vireo

Vireo huttoni, Hutton's Vireo

Vireo gilvus, Warbling Vireo

Vireo philadelphicus, Philadelphia Vireo

Vireo olivaceus, Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo altiloquus, Black-whiskered Vireo



Vermivora bachmanii, Bachman's Warbler

Vermivora pinus, Blue-winged Warbler

Vermivora chrysoptera, Golden-winged Warbler

Vermivora peregrina, Tennessee Warbler

Vermivora celata, Orange-crowned Warbler

Vermivora ruficapilla, Nashville Warbler

Vermivora virginiae, Virginia's Warbler

Vermivora crissalis, Colima Warbler

Vermivora luciae, Lucy's Warbler

Parula americana, Northern Parula

Parula pitiayumi, Tropical Parula

Dendroica petechia, Yellow Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica, Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica magnolia, Magnolia Warbler

Dendroica tigrina, Cape May Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens, Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica coronata, Yellow-rumped Warbler

Dendroica nigrescens, Black-throated Gray Warbler

Dendroica townsendi, Townsend's Warbler

Dendroica occidentalis, Hermit Warbler

Dendroica virens, Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica chrysoparia, Golden-cheeked Warbler

Dendroica fusca, Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica dominica, Yellow-throated Warbler

Dendroica graciae, Grace's Warbler

Dendroica adelaidae, Adelaide's Warbler

Dendroica pinus, Pine Warbler

Dendroica kirtlandii, Kirtland's Warbler

Dendroica discolor, Prairie Warbler

Dendroica palmarum, Palm Warbler

Dendroica castanea, Bay-breasted Warbler

Dendroica striata, Blackpoll Warbler

Dendroica cerulea, Cerulean Warbler

Dendroica angelae, Elfin Woods Warbler

Mniotilta varia, Black-and-White Warbler

Setophaga ruticilla, American Redstart

Protonotaria citrea, Prothonotary Warbler

Helmitheros vermivorus, Worm-eating Warbler

Limnothlypis swainsonii, Swainson's Warbler

Seiurus aurocapillus, Ovenbird

Seiurus noveboracensis, Northern Waterthrush

Seiurus motacilla, Louisiana Waterthrush

Oporornis formosus, Kentucky Warbler

Oporornis agilis, Connecticut Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia, Mourning Warbler

Oporornis tolmiei, MacGillivray's Warbler

Geothlypis trichas, Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis poliocephala, Gray-crowned Yellowthroat

Wilsonia citrina, Hooded Warbler

Wilsonia pusilla, Wilson's Warbler

Wilsonia canadensis, Canada Warbler

Cardellina rubrifrons, Red-faced Warbler

Myioborus pictus, Painted Redstart

Myioborus miniatus, Slaty-throated Redstart

Basileuterus culicivorus, Golden-crowned Warbler

Basileuterus rufifrons, Rufous-capped Warbler

Icteria virens, Yellow-breasted Chat

Peucedramus taeniatus, Olive Warbler


Spindalis zena, Stripe-headed Tanager

Neospingus speculiferus, Puerto Rican Tanager

Piranga flava, Hepatic Tanager

Piranga rubra, Summer Tanager

Piranga olivacea, Scarlet Tanager

Piranga ludoviciana, Western Tanager

Euphonia musica, Antillean Euphonia


Rhodothraupis celaeno, Crimson-collared Grosbeak

Cardinalis cardinals, Northern Cardinal

Cardinalis sinuatus, Pyrrhuloxia

Pheucticus chrysopeplus, Yellow Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus, Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus melanocephalus, Black-headed Grosbeak

Guiraca caerulea, Blue Grosbeak

Passerina amoena, Lazuli Bunting

Passerina cyanea, Indigo Bunting

Passerina versicolor, Varied Bunting

Passerina ciris, Painted Bunting

Spiza americana, Dickcissel


Arremonops rufivirgatus, Olive Sparrow

Pipilo chlorurus, Green-tailed Towhee

Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Rufous-sided Towhee

Pipilo fuscus, Brown Towhee

Pipilo aberti, Abert's Towhee

Sporophila torqueola, White-collared Seedeater

Tiaris olivacea, Yellow-faced Grassquit

Tiaris bicolor, Black-faced Grassquit

Loxigilla portoricensis, Puerto Rican Bullfinch

Aimophila aestivalis, Bachman's Sparrow

Aimophila botterii, Botteri's Sparrow

Aimophila cassinii, Cassin's Sparrow

Aimophila carpalis, Rufous-winged Sparrow

Aimophila ruficeps, Rufous-crowned Sparrow

Spizella arborea, American Tree Sparrow

Spizella passerina, Chipping Sparrow

Spizella pallida, Clay-colored Sparrow

Spizella breweri, Brewer's Sparrow

Spizella pusilla, Field Sparrow

Spizella wortheni, Worthen's Sparrow

Spizella atrogularis, Black-chinned Sparrow

Pooecetes gramineus, Vesper Sparrow

Chondestes grammacus, Lark Sparrow

Amphispiza bilineata, Black-throated Sparrow

Amphispiza belli, Sage Sparrow

Amphispiza quinquestriata, Five-striped Sparrow

Calamospiza melanocorys, Lark Bunting

Passerculus sandwichensis, Savannah Sparrow

Ammodramus bairdii, Baird's Sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum, Grasshopper Sparrow

Ammodramus henslowii, Henslow's Sparrow

Ammodramus leconteii, Le Conte's Sparrow

Ammodramus caudacutus, Sharp-tailed Sparrow

Ammodramus maritimus, Seaside Sparrow

Passerella iliaca, Fox Sparrow

Melosipza melodia, Song Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii, Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza georgiana, Swamp Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis, White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia atricapilla, Golden-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys, White-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia querula, Harris' Sparrow

Junco hyemalis, Dark-eyed Junco

Junco phaeonotus, Yellow-eyed Junco

Emberiza rustica, Rustic Bunting

Emberiza pallasi, Pallas' Reed-Bunting

Emberiza schoeniculus, Common Reed-Bunting

Calcarius mccownii, McCown's Longspur

Calcarius lapponicus, Lapland Longspur

Calcarius pictus, Smith's Longspur

Calcarius ornatus, Chestnut-collared Longspur

Plectrophenax nivalis, Snow Bunting

Plectrophenax hyperboreus, McKay's Bunting


Dolichonyx oryzivorus, Bobolink

Agelaius phoeniceus, Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius tricolor, Tricolored Blackbird

Agelaius humeralis, Tawny-shouldered Blackbird

Agelaius xanthomus, Yellow-shouldered Blackbird

Sturnella magna, Eastern Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta, Western Meadowlark

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus, Yellow-headed Blackbird

Euphagus carolinus, Rusty Blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus, Brewer's Blackbird

Quiscalus mexicanus, Great-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus major, Boat-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus quiscula, Common Grackle

Quiscalus niger, Greater Antillean Grackle

Molothrus bonariensis, Shiny Cowbird

Molothrus aeneus, Bronzed Cowbird

Molothrus ater, Brown-headed Cowbird

Icterus dominicensis, Black-cowled Oriole

Icterus wagleri, Black-vented Oriole

Icterus spurius, Orchard Oriole

Icterus cucullatus, Hooded Oriole

Icterus pustulatus, Streak-backed Oriole

Icterus gularis, Altamira Oriole

Icterus graduacauda, Audubon's Oriole

Icterus galbula, Northern Oriole

Icterus parisorum, Scott's Oriole



Fringilla montifringilla, Brambling


Leucosticte arctoa, Rosy Finch

Pinicola enucleator, Pine Grosbeak

Carpodacus erythrinus, Common Rosefinch

Carpodacus purpureus, Purple Finch

Carpodacus cassinii, Cassin's Finch

Carpodacus mexicanus, House Finch

Loxia curvirostra, Red Crossbill

Loxia leucoptera, White-winged Crossbill

Carduelis flammea, Common Redpoll

Carduelis hornemanni, Hoary Redpoll

Carduelis pinus, Pine Siskin

Carduelis psaltria, Lesser Goldfinch

Carduelis lawrencei, Lawrence's Goldfinch

Carduelis tristis, American Goldfinch

Carduelis sinica, Oriental Greenfinch

Pyrrhula pyrrhula, Eurasian Bullfinch

Coccothraustes vespertinus, Evening Grosbeak

Coccothraustes coccothraustes, Hawfinch

[50 FR 13710, Apr. 5, 1985]

Subpart C—Addresses
§ 10.21   Director.

(a) Mail forwarded to the Director for law enforcement purposes should be addressed: Chief, Division of Law Enforcement, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, P.O. Box 3247, Arlington, VA 22203–3247.

(b) Mail sent to the Director regarding permits for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Fauna (CITES), injurious wildlife, Wild Bird Conservation Act species, international movement of all ESA-listed endangered or threatened species, and scientific research on, exhibition of, or interstate commerce in nonnative ESA-listed endangered and threatened species should be addressed to: Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (Attention: Office of Management Authority), 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Room 700, Arlington, VA 22203. Address mail for the following permits to the Regional Director. In the address include one of the following: for import/export licenses and exception to designated port permits (Attention: Import/export license); for native endangered and threatened species (Attention: Endangered/threatened species permit); and for migratory birds and eagles (Attention: Migratory bird permit office). You can find addresses for regional offices at 50 CFR 2.2.

[55 FR 48851, Nov. 23, 1990, as amended at 63 FR 52633, Oct. 1, 1998]

§ 10.22   Law enforcement offices.

Service law enforcement offices and their areas of responsibility follow. Mail should be addressed: “Assistant Regional Director, Division of Law Enforcement, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (appropriate address below)”:

Areas of Responsibility and Office Addresses

California, Hawaii, Idaho. Nevada, Oregon, Washington, American Samoa, Guam, the Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (District 1):

  Eastside Federal Complex, 911 N.E. 11th. Avenue, Portland, OR 97232–4181, Telephone: 503–231–6125.

Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas (District 2):

  P.O. Box 329, Albuquerque, NM 87103, Telephone: 505–766–2091

Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin (District 3):

  P.O. Box 45—Federal Building, Ft. Snelling, Twin Cities, MN 55111, Telephone: 612–725–3530.

Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands (District 4):

  P.O. Box 4839, Atlanta, GA 30302, Telephone: 404–331–5872

Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia (District 5):

  P.O. Box 129, New Town Branch, Boston, MA 02258, Telephone: 617–965–2298

Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming (District 6):

  P.O. Box 25486, Denver Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225, Telephone: 303–236–7540

Alaska (District 7):

  P.O. Box 92597, Anchorage, AK 99509–2597, Telephone: 907–786–3311

Any foreign country (Washington Office):

  P.O. Box 3247, Arlington, VA 22203–3247, Telephone: 703–358–1949.

(Pub. L. 97–79, 95 Stat. 1072; 16 U.S.C. 3371–3378)

[48 FR 1313, Jan. 12, 1983; 48 FR 37040, Aug. 16, 1983, as amended at 49 FR 31291, Aug. 6, 1984; 51 FR 23551, June 30, 1986; 53 FR 6649, Mar. 2, 1988; 55 FR 48851, Nov. 23, 1990]

Browse Next


ChanRobles Legal Resources:

ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com

ChanRobles MCLE On-line

ChanRobles Lawnet Inc. - ChanRobles MCLE On-line : www.chanroblesmcleonline.com