50 C.F.R. Subpart F—Export of Certain Species


Title 50 - Wildlife and Fisheries


Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries
PART 23—ENDANGERED SPECIES CONVENTION

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Subpart F—Export of Certain Species

Source:  45 FR 80446, Dec. 4, 1980, unless otherwise noted.

§ 23.51   American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius).

State populations for which the export of the indicated season's harvest may be permitted under §23.15 of this part:

(a) 1978 Harvest: Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Conditions on findings: Roots must be documented as to state of origin and season of collecting.

For further information see: 43 FR 29469, July 7, 1978; 43 FR 35013, Aug. 7, 1978; 43 FR 36293, Aug. 16, 1978; and 43 FR 39305, Sept. 1, 1978.

(b) 1979 Harvest: Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Conditions on findings: Roots must be documented as to state of origin and season of collecting. Wild roots must be certified by the state as legally collected. For further information see: 44 FR 25384, Apr. 30, 1979; 44 FR 3107, June 1, 1979; and 44 FR 47912, Aug. 15, 1979.

(c) 1980 Harvest: Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Conditions on findings: Roots must be documented as to state or origin and season of collecting. Wild and cultivated roots must be certified by the state as legally collected, and such certification must be presented upon export.

(d) 1981 Harvest: Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, Vermont (artificially propagated ginseng only), Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin.

Condition on findings: Roots must be documented as to state of origin and season of collecting. Wild and cultivated roots must be certified by the state as legally collected and such certification must be presented upon export. Vermont is approved for export of artificially propagated ginseng roots only.

(e)(1) 1982–1993 harvests (wild and cultivated roots for each year unless noted).

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                                                                                   Harvest years                          State                          -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                                           1982    1983    1984    1985    1986    1987    1988    1989    1990    1991    1992    1993--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Alabama.................................................      _       _       _       _       _       _       X       X       X       X       X       XArkansas................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XGeorgia.................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XIllinois................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XIndiana.................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XIowa....................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XKentucky................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XMaryland................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XMinnesota...............................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XMissouri................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XNew York................................................      _       _       _       _       _       _       X       X       X       X       X       XNorth Carolina..........................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XOhio....................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XPennsylvania............................................      _       _       _       _       _       _       X       X       X       X       X       XTennessee...............................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XVermont.................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XVirginia................................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XWest Virginia...........................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       XWisconsin...............................................      X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X       X      X--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------X: Export approval granted for wild and cultivated ginseng harvested in State indicated._: Export not requested or not granted.a: Export approval only for artificially propagated (cultivated) ginseng harvested in State indicated.

(2) Conditions on export: All plants and roots must be documented as to State of origin, season of collection, and dry or green (fresh) weight. The State must certify whether roots and plants originated in that State, are wild or cultivated (artificially propagated) specimens, and were legally obtained in a particular season. Such State certification, a current Federal export document, an executed dealer or exporter's invoice, and the ginseng must be presented upon export. All other export procedures must be followed as described by the Service in this rule. The State must maintain ginseng management and harvest programs, as described by the Service in this rule, and annual ginseng program data for the preceding harvest season should be available to the Office of Management Authority by May 31 of each year. Export procedures must be completed as outlined and discussed in this paragraph.

Note. American ginseng purchased from non-export approved States by State-registered ginseng dealers for domestic use and commerce must be reported to the State of registration, along with all other ginseng commerce. Such ginseng is not eligible for export from the United States and must be dealer-maintained physically separated from that ginseng eligible for export from this country so that there is no chance of intermingling the specimens.

[45 FR 80446, Dec. 4, 1980, as amended at 46 FR 50777, Oct. 14, 1981; 49 FR 34023, Aug. 24, 1984; 50 FR 39696, Sept. 30, 1985; 50 FR 42027, Oct. 17, 1985; 53 FR 33819, Sept. 1, 1988; 56 FR 41810, Aug. 23, 1991; 63 FR 63212, Nov. 12, 1998]

§ 23.52   Bobcat (Lynx rufus).

States for which the export of the indicated season's harvest may be permitted under §23.15 of this part:

(a) States and Harvest Seasons Approved for Export of Bobcat From the United States.

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                                                                                                       1983 and    1987 and    1988 and                                                1977-78     1978-79     1979-80     1980-81     1981-82     1982-83   subsequent  subsequent  subsequent--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Alabama.....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Arizona.....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Arkansas....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +California..................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Colorado....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Florida.....................................          +           +           E           +           +           +           +           +           +Georgia.....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Idaho.......................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Kansas......................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Kentucky....................................          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           +           +Klamath Tribe...............................          -           -           -           -           +           +           +           +           +Louisiana...................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Maine.......................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Massachusetts...............................          +           +           E           +           +           +           +           +           +Michigan....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Minnesota...................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Mississippi.................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Missouri....................................          -           -           -           +           +           +           +           +           +Montana.....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Navajo Nation...............................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Nebraska....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Nevada......................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +New Hampshire...............................          -           -           -           +           +           +           +           +           +New Mexico..................................          +           +           E           +           +           +           +           +           +New York....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +North Carolina..............................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +North Dakota................................          +           +           E           +           +           +           +           +           +Oklahoma....................................          -           -           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Oregon......................................          +           +        E(1)           +           +           +           +           +           +Penobscot Nation............................          -           -           -           -           -           -           +           +           +South Carolina..............................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +South Dakota................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Tennessee...................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Texas.......................................          +           +        E(2)           +           +           +           +           +           +Utah........................................          -           -           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Vermont.....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Virginia....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Washington..................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +West Virginia...............................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +Wisconsin...................................          +           E           +           +           +           +           +           +           +White Mt Tribe..............................          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           +           +Wind River Reservation......................          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           +Wisconsin...................................          +           +           E           +           +           +           +           +           +Wyoming.....................................          +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +           +--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ Export approval.- Export not approved.E 1979-80 bobcat export enjoined by U.S. District Court, District of Columbia.E(1) As above but for eastern portion of State.E(2) As above but for high plains ecological area.

(b) Condition on export: Each pelt must be clearly identified as to species; State, Indian Tribe, or Indian Nation of origin; and season of taking by a permanently attached, serially numbered tag of a type approved by and attached under conditions established by the Service. Exception to tagging requirement: finished furs and fully manufactured fur products may only be exported from the United States when the State, Indian Tribe, or Indian Nation export tags, removed from the hides used to manufacture the product being exported, are surrendered to the Service at the time of export. Such tags must be removed by cutting the tag strap on the female side next to the locking socket of the tag so the locking socket and locking tip remain joined.

[45 FR 80446, Dec. 4, 1980, as amended at 54 FR 985, Jan. 11, 1989]

§ 23.53   River otter (Lontra canadensis).

States for which we permit the export of the indicated season's take under §23.15 of this part:

(a) States and Indian Nations, and Seasons Approved for Export of River Otter From the United States:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                   1977-78     1978-79     1979-80                                          1983-84     1995-96     1996-98     1998-99                                     \1\         \2\         \3\       1980-81      1981-82     1982-83   and future  and future  and future  and future--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Alabama........................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Alaska.........................  +           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Arkansas.......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Connecticut....................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Delaware.......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Florida........................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Georgia........................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Louisiana......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Maine..........................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Maryland.......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Massachusetts..................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Michigan.......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Minnesota......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Mississippi....................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Missouri.......................  -           -           -           -            -           -           -           -           + \5\       +Montana........................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +New Hampshire..................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +New Jersey.....................  -           -           -           -            -           +           +           +           +           +New York.......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +North Carolina.................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Oregon.........................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Penobscot Nation...............  -           -           -           -            -           -           +           +           +           ..........Rhode Island...................  Q           +           -           -            -           -           -           -           -           -South Carolina.................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Tennessee......................  -           -           -           -            -           -           -           + \4\       +           +Vermont........................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Virginia.......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Washington.....................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +Wisconsin......................  Q           +           +           +            +           +           +           +           +           +--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------\1\ For further information, see 42 FR 43729, Aug. 30, 1977; 43 FR 11081, Mar. 16, 1978; and 43 FR 29469, July 7, 1978.\2\ For further information, see 43 FR 11096, Mar. 16, 1978; 43 FR 13913, Apr. 3, 1978; 43 FR 15097, Apr. 10, 1978; 43 FR 29469, July 7, 1978; 43 FR  35013, Aug. 7, 1978; 43 FR 36293, Aug. 16, 1978; and 43 FR 39305, Sept. 1, 1978.\3\ For further information, see 44 FR 25383, Apr. 30, 1979; 44 FR 31583, May 31, 1979; 44 FR 40842, July 12, 1979; 44 FR 52289, Sept. 7, 1979; and 44  FR 55540, Sept. 26, 1979.\4\ Export for 1994-95 approved administratively (for Tennessee).\5\ Export for 1996-97 and 1997-98 approved administratively (for Missouri).Q Export approved with quota.+ Export approved.- Export not approved.

(b) Condition on export: Exporters must clearly identify each pelt as to species, State or Indian Nation of origin, and season of taking by permanently attaching a serially numbered tag of a type approved and provided by the Service and attached under conditions established by the Service. Exception to the tagging requirement: We will allow the export of fully manufactured fur or hide products from the United States only when the CITES export tags removed from the hides prior to manufacture are surrendered to us prior to export. Such tags must be removed by cutting the tag straps on the side next to the locking socket of the tag, so that the locking socket and locking tip remain joined.

[64 FR 774, Jan. 6, 1999]

§ 23.54   Lynx (Lynx canadensis).

States for which the export of the indicated season's harvest may be permitted under §23.15 of this part:

(a) 1977–78 Harvest: Alaska (open), Idaho (Quota 25), Minnesota (Q 25), Montana (Q 200), Washington (Q 35).

For further information: See 42 FR 43729, Aug. 30, 1977; 43 FR 11081, Mar. 16, 1978; and 43 FR 29469, July 7, 1978.

(b) 1978–79 Harvest: Alaska, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, Washington.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be clearly identified as to state of origin and season of taking.

For further information: See 43 FR 11096, Mar. 16, 1978; 43 FR 13913, Apr. 3, 1978, 43 FR 15097, Apr. 10, 1978; 43 FR 29469, July 7, 1978; 43 FR 35013, Aug. 7, 1978; 43 FR 36293, Aug. 16, 1978, and 43 FR 39305, Sept. 1, 1978.

(c) 1979–80 Harvest: Alaska, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, Washington.

Conditions on findings: Pelts must be clearly identified as to state of origin and state of taking, including tagging according to standards and conditions established by the Service.

For further information: See 44 FR 25383, Apr. 30, 1979; 44 FR 31585, May 31, 1979; 44 FR 40842, July 12, 1979; 44 FR 52289, Sept. 7, 1979; and 44 FR 55540, Sept. 26, 1979.

(d) 1980–81 Harvest: Alaska, Minnesota, Montana.

Condition on finding: Pelts must be clearly identified as to state of origin and season of taking, including tagging according to conditions established by the Service.

(e) 1981–82 Harvest: Alaska, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, Washington.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be clearly identified as to state of origin and season of taking, including tagging according to conditions established by the Service.

(f) 1982–83 Harvest: Alaska, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, and Washington.

Condition on export: Each pelt must be clearly identified as to state of origin and season of taking by a permanently attached state tag of a type approved by the Service and attached under conditions established by the Service.

(g) 1983–84 and Subsequent Harvests: Alaska, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, and Washington.

Condition on export: Each pelt must be clearly identified as to species, State of origin and season of taking by a permanently attached, serially numbered tag of a type approved by the Service and attached under conditions established by the Service. Exception to tagging requirement: for the 1983-84 and previous seasons, finished furs and fully manufactured fur products may be exported from the U.S. when accompanied by the State tags removed in a manner described by the Service from pelts contained in the products, such tags must be removed by cutting the tag strap on the female side next to the locking socket of the tag so that the locking socket and locking tip remain joined, and such tags must be surrendered to the Service prior to export.

[45 FR 80446, Dec. 4, 1980, as amended at 46 FR 50777, Oct. 14, 1981; 47 FR 54970, Dec. 7, 1982; 49 FR 594, Jan. 5, 1984]

§ 23.55   Gray wolf (Canis lupus).

State for which the export of the indicated season's harvest may be permitted under §23.15 of this part:

(a) 1977–78 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

(b) 1978–79 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

(c) 1979–80 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

For further information: See 44 FR 25383, Apr. 30, 1979; 44 FR 31583, May 31, 1979; 44 FR 40842, July 12, 1979; 44 FR 52289, Sept. 7, 1979; and 44 FR 55540, Sept. 26, 1979.

(d) 1980–81 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

(e) 1981–82 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the State of Alaska.

(f) 1982–83 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on export: Each pelt must be clearly identified as to state of origin and season of taking by a permanently attached state tag of a type approved by the Service and attached under conditions established by the Service.

(g) 1983–84 and Subsequent Harvests: Alaska.

Condition on export: Each pelt must be clearly identified as to species, State of origin and season of taking by a permanently attached, serially numbered State tag of a type approved and attached under conditions established by the Service. Exception to tagging requirement: for the 1983–84 and previous seasons, finished furs and fully manufactured fur products may be exported from the U.S. when accompanied by the State tags removed in a manner described by the Service from pelts contained in the products, such tags must be removed by cutting the tag strap on the female side next to the locking socket of the tag so that the locking socket and locking tip remain joined, and such tags must be surrendered to the Service prior to export.

[45 FR 80446, Dec. 4, 1980, as amended at 46 FR 50777, Oct. 14, 1981; 47 FR 54970, Dec. 7, 1982; 49 FR 594, Jan. 5, 1984]

§ 23.56   Brown bear (Ursus arctos).

State for which the export of the indicated season's harvest may be permitted under §23.15 of this part:

(a) 1977–78 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

(b) 1978–79 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

(c) 1979–80 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

For further information: See 44 FR 25383, Apr. 30, 1979; 44 FR 31583, May 31, 1979; 44 FR 40842, July 12, 1979; 44 FR 52289, Sept. 7, 1979; and 44 FR 55540, Sept. 26, 1979.

(d) 1980–81 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the state of Alaska.

(e) 1981–82 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on findings: Pelts must be tagged as required by the State of Alaska.

(f) 1982–83 Harvest: Alaska.

Condition on export: Each pelt must be clearly identified as to state of origin and season of taking by a permanently attached state tag of a type approved by the Service and attached under conditions established by the Service.

(g) 1983–84 and Subsequent Harvests: Alaska.

Condition on export: Each pelt must be clearly identified as to species, State of origin and season of taking by a permanently attached, serially numbered State tag of a type approved by the Service and attached under conditions established by the Service.

[45 FR 80446, Dec. 4, 1980, as amended at 46 FR 50777, Oct. 14, 1981; 47 FR 54971, Dec. 7, 1982; 49 FR 595, Jan. 5, 1984]

§ 23.57   American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).

States for which the export of the indicated season's harvest may be permitted under §23.15 of this part:

(a) 1979–1997 harvests (wild and farm-raised for each year unless noted).

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                     AL        AR        FL        GA        LA        MS        SC        TX----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1979............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         -1980............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         -1981............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         -1982............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         -1983............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         -1984............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         +1985............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         +1986............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         +1987............................        -         -         +         -         +         -         -         +1988............................        -         -         +         +         +         -         +         +1989............................        +         -         +         +         +         +         +         +1990............................        +         -         +         +         +         +         +         +1991............................        +         -         +         +         +         +         +         +1992............................        +         -         +         +         +         +         +         +1993............................        +         -         +         +         +         +         +         +1994............................        +         F         +         +         +         +         +         +1995............................        +         F         +         +         +         +         +         +1996............................        +         F         +         +         +         +         +         +1997............................        +         F         +         +         +         +         +         +----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+ = export approved.F = export approved for farm-raised only.- = export not approved.

(b) Condition on initial export from the United States. (1) Each hide (full skin) must be clearly identified by a durable, permanently locking Convention export tag bearing a legend showing the US-CITES logo, State of origin, species, year of take, and a unique serial number. The tag must be inserted through the hide and permanently locked in place using the locking mechanism of the tag and in accordance with State requirements. Hides with broken tags may not be exported. Prior to export and upon submission of documentation to show legality of the hide, broken tags may be replaced with CITES replacement tags. Hides with valid CITES replacement tags are eligible for export.

(2) US-CITES export tags that were removed from the hides used to manufacture products to be exported must be surrendered to the Service prior to the export of those products.

(3) Meat from legally harvested and tagged alligators shall be packed in State-uniform containers, permanently sealed and labeled as required by State law. Bulk meat containers shall be marked with a State “parts tag” or “bulk meat tag” permanently attached indicating, at a minimum, State of origin, year of take, species, original hide export tag number, weight of meat in the container, and identification of State licensed processor or packer.

(4) Small parts such as tails, throats, feet, or backstrips shall be packed in transparent, sealed containers clearly marked with a parts tag. Parts tags shall supply at a minimum the State of origin, species, original hide export tag number, and weight of the parts in the container.

(5) American alligator skulls shall be marked as required by State law. This marking shall include, at a minimum, reference to a valid US-CITES tag number.

[53 FR 30683, Aug. 15, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 33233, Aug. 14, 1989; 57 FR 21899, May 26, 1992; 60 FR 43407, 43408, Aug. 21, 1995]

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