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§ 1501. —  Purposes.

[Laws in effect as of January 24, 2002]
[Document not affected by Public Laws enacted between
  January 24, 2002 and December 19, 2002]
[CITE: 2USC1501]

                          TITLE 2--THE CONGRESS
Sec. 1501. Purposes

    The purposes of this chapter are--
        (1) to strengthen the partnership between the Federal Government 
    and State, local, and tribal governments;
        (2) to end the imposition, in the absence of full consideration 
    by Congress, of Federal mandates on State, local, and tribal 
    governments without adequate Federal funding, in a manner that may 
    displace other essential State, local, and tribal governmental 
        (3) to assist Congress in its consideration of proposed 
    legislation establishing or revising Federal programs containing 
    Federal mandates affecting State, local, and tribal governments, and 
    the private sector by--
            (A) providing for the development of information about the 
        nature and size of mandates in proposed legislation; and
            (B) establishing a mechanism to bring such information to 
        the attention of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        before the Senate and the House of Representatives vote on 
        proposed legislation;

        (4) to promote informed and deliberate decisions by Congress on 
    the appropriateness of Federal mandates in any particular instance;
        (5) to require that Congress consider whether to provide funding 
    to assist State, local, and tribal governments in complying with 
    Federal mandates, to require analyses of the impact of private 
    sector mandates, and through the dissemination of that information 
    provide informed and deliberate decisions by Congress and Federal 
    agencies and retain competitive balance between the public and 
    private sectors;
        (6) to establish a point-of-order vote on the consideration in 
    the Senate and House of Representatives of legislation containing 
    significant Federal intergovernmental mandates without providing 
    adequate funding to comply with such mandates;
        (7) to assist Federal agencies in their consideration of 
    proposed regulations affecting State, local, and tribal governments, 
            (A) requiring that Federal agencies develop a process to 
        enable the elected and other officials of State, local, and 
        tribal governments to provide input when Federal agencies are 
        developing regulations; and
            (B) requiring that Federal agencies prepare and consider 
        estimates of the budgetary impact of regulations containing 
        Federal mandates upon State, local, and tribal governments and 
        the private sector before adopting such regulations, and 
        ensuring that small governments are given special consideration 
        in that process; and

        (8) to begin consideration of the effect of previously imposed 
    Federal mandates, including the impact on State, local, and tribal 
    governments of Federal court interpretations of Federal statutes and 
    regulations that impose Federal intergovernmental mandates.

(Pub. L. 104-4, Sec. 2, Mar. 22, 1995, 109 Stat. 48.)

                       References in Text

    This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original ``this Act'', 
meaning Pub. L. 104-4, Mar. 22, 1995, 109 Stat. 48, known as the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. For complete classification of 
this Act to the Code, see Short Title note below and Tables.

                               Short Title

    Section 1 of Pub. L. 104-4 provided that: ``This Act [enacting this 
chapter and sections 658 to 658g of this title, amending sections 602, 
632, and 653 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes 
under sections 1511 and 1531 of this title] may be cited as the 
`Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995'.''

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