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§ 471. —  Congressional findings and declaration of purpose.

[Laws in effect as of January 24, 2002]
[Document not affected by Public Laws enacted between
  January 24, 2002 and December 19, 2002]
[CITE: 2USC471]

                          TITLE 2--THE CONGRESS
Sec. 471. Congressional findings and declaration of purpose

    The Congress hereby finds and declares that:
    (a) As technology continues to change and expand rapidly, its 
applications are--
        (1) large and growing in scale; and
        (2) increasingly extensive, pervasive, and critical in their 
    impact, beneficial and adverse, on the natural and social 

    (b) Therefore, it is essential that, to the fullest extent possible, 
the consequences of technological applications be anticipated, 
understood, and considered in determination of public policy on existing 
and emerging national problems.
    (c) The Congress further finds that:
        (1) the Federal agencies presently responsible directly to the 
    Congress are not designed to provide the legislative branch with 
    adequate and timely information, independently developed, relating 
    to the potential impact of technological applications, and
        (2) the present mechanisms of the Congress do not and are not 
    designed to provide the legislative branch with such information.

    (d) Accordingly, it is necessary for the Congress to--
        (1) equip itself with new and effective means for securing 
    competent, unbiased information concerning the physical, biological, 
    economic, social, and political effects of such applications; and
        (2) utilize this information, whenever appropriate, as one 
    factor in the legislative assessment of matters pending before the 
    Congress, particularly in those instances where the Federal 
    Government may be called upon to consider support for, or management 
    or regulation of, technological applications.

(Pub. L. 92-484, Sec. 2, Oct. 13, 1972, 86 Stat. 797.)

                               Short Title

    Section 1 of Pub. L. 92-484 provided: ``That this Act [enacting this 
chapter and amending section 1862 of Title 42, The Public Health and 
Welfare] may be cited as the `Technology Assessment Act of 1972'.''

             Termination of Office of Technology Assessment

    Pub. L. 104-53, title I, Secs. 113, 114, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 
526, provided that:
    ``Sec. 113. Upon enactment of this Act [Nov. 19, 1995] all employees 
of the Office of Technology Assessment for 183 days preceding 
termination of employment who are terminated as a result of the 
elimination of the Office and who are not otherwise gainfully employed 
may continue to be paid by the Office of Technology Assessment at their 
respective salaries for a period not to exceed 60 calendar days 
following the employee's date of termination or until the employee 
becomes otherwise gainfully employed whichever is earlier. Any day for 
which a former employee receives a payment under this section shall be 
counted as Federal service for purposes of determining entitlement to 
benefits, including retirement, annual and sick leave earnings, and 
health and life insurance. A statement in writing to the Director of the 
Office of Technology Assessment or his designee by any such employee 
that he was not gainfully employed during such period or the portion 
thereof for which payment is claimed shall be accepted as prima facie 
evidence that he was not so employed.
    ``Sec. 114. Notwithstanding the provisions of the Federal Property 
and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended [now chapters 1 to 
11 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works and title III of 
the Act of June 30, 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)], or any other 
provision of law, upon the abolition of the Office of Technology 
Assessment, all records and property of the Office (including the Unix 
system, all computer hardware and software, all library collections and 
research materials, and all photocopying equipment), shall be under the 
administrative control of the Architect of the Capitol. Not later than 
December 31, 1995, the Architect shall submit a proposal to transfer 
such records and property to appropriate support agencies of the 
Legislative Branch which request such transfer, and shall carry out such 
transfer subject to the approval of the Committees on Appropriations of 
the House of Representatives and the Senate.''

                  Section Referred to in Other Sections

    This section is referred to in section 472 of this title.

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