the Regional Trial Courts in rank are the Shari'a
District Courts which were established in certain specified
in Mindanao where the Code
of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines is being enforced.
District Courts and fifty one Shari'a
Circuit Courts in existence.
District Court is of limited jurisdiction. It was
Decree No. 1083. Cases falling within the exclusive jurisdiction of
District Courts primarily pertain to family rights and duties as
as contractual relations of Filipino Muslims in the Mindanao.
original jurisdiction over the following:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
by Muslims for the constitution of the family home, change of name and
commitment of insane person to any asylum;
personal and real actions not mentioned in paragraph 1(d) wherein the
involved are Muslims except those for forcible entry and unlawful
which shall fall under the exclusive original jurisdiction of the
Circuit Courts; and
civil actions for interpleader or declaratory relief where the parties
are Muslims or the property involved belongs exclusively to a
District Court has appellate jurisdiction over all cases tried in
Shari'a Circuit Courts within their territorial jurisdiction.
every case on the basis of the evidence and the records transmitted as
well as such memoranda, briefs or oral arguments as the parties may
of the Shari'a
District Courts, whether on appeal from the Shari'a
Circuit Courts or not, shall be final. The Supreme Court shall,
continue to exercise original and appellate jurisdiction over certain
as provided by the Constitution.