Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence

Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1907 > August 1907 Decisions > G.R. No. L-3628 August 30, 1907 - MANUEL COUTO SORIANO v. BLAS CORTES

008 Phil 459:



[G.R. No. L-3628. August 30, 1907. ]

MANUEL COUTO SORIANO, Petitioner-Appellee, v. BLAS CORTES, Respondent-Appellant.

Coudert Brothers, for Appellant.

P.Q. Rothrock, for Appellee.


1. REALTY; CONTRACT; SALE. — An oral contract for the sale of real estate, made prior to the enactment of the Code of Civil Procedure (sec. 335), is binding between the parties thereto, although it may still be necessary for the party seeking to enforce such contract to take some action to secure the execution of proper documents, but this requirement will not render the agreement invalid. (Arts. 1278-1280, Civil Code; Thunga Chui v. Que Bentec, 2 Phil. Rep., 561.)

2. REGISTRATION OF LAND. — In the case of a petition to the Court of Land Registration seeking the registration of title to land, in order that the respondent may have any standing in court he must make some claim to the property in question. (Sec. 14, Act No. 496.)



The appellee filed a petition in the Court of Land Registration asking that a tract of land therein described, situated in the city of Iloilo, be registered in his name. Blas Cortes appeared in the court below and opposed the petition, alleging that he was the owner of the land. Judgment was entered in favor of the petitioner and from that judgment Blas Cortes has appealed.

The petitioner derives his title from Baldomero Sola by a deed dated the 30th of December, 1896, and recorded in the registry of property of Iloilo on the 2d of January, 1897. In this deed the grantor, Baldomero Sola, states that he acquired the property by purchase from Blas Cortes in the month of August, 1894.

It thus appears that there is a common source of title and the important question in the case is whether or not Blas Cortes sold the land to Baldomero Sola. There is no written evidence of such sale. That Baldomero Sola procured a possessory title to said land on the 23d day of November, 1896, is, we think, clearly proven. The documents relating thereto were recorded in the registry of property on the 30th of November, 1896. But these documents could not in any way constitute a written contract of sale between Blas Cortes and Baldomero Sola, although Blas Cortes was present when the proceedings were taken in the Court of First Instance and gave his assent thereto. It could not constitute the public document which is mentioned in article 1280, paragraph 1, of the Civil Code.

The only contract of sale then was a verbal one, and the question to be decided is whether a verbal contract of sale of real estate in 1896 was valid according to the laws then in existence. That a contract of that kind now made could not be enforced is apparent from the reading of section 335, paragraph 5, of the Code of Civil Procedure. The only provisions of the Civil Code requiring such a contract to be in writing which has been called to our attention is said paragraph 1 of article 1280. The provisions of that article were discussed by this court in the case of Thunga Chui v. Que Bentec (2 Phil. Rep., 561), and it was there held that a contract required by said article 1280 to be in writing was, nevertheless, valid and produced legal effects between the parties although it was made verbally. It was there considered that this effect was given to such oral contracts by article 1278, and although it might be necessary for the party seeking to enforce such verbal contract to take some action under article 1279 to secure the execution of the proper documents, yet this requirement did not render the contract invalid.

Applying the principles of that case to the present case, it follows that a verbal contract, if made between Blas Cortes and Baldomero Sola, was valid. (See also Fortis v. Gutierrez Hermanos, 6 Phil. Rep., 100; Irureta v. Tambunting, 1 Phil. Rep., 490.)

Upon the question of fact whether such contract was or was not made, the evidence is conflicting. We have examined all of it and we can not say that it preponderates against the findings of the court below, which was to the effect that such contract existed.

The appellant suggests in his brief that even if he had no title to the property, nevertheless there was no proof that the petitioner had any title, inasmuch as there was no proof that he, Blas Cortes, was ever the legal owner of the land, and he claims that in cases of this kind the first question to be examined by the court relates to the petitioner’s title, and that if he has no title it is not necessary to consider whether the respondent has or has not. This involves a consideration of Act No. 496, which established the Court of Land Registration. Section 34 of that act is as

"Any person claiming an interest, whether named in the notice or not, may appear and file an answer on or before the return day, or within such further time as may be allowed by the court. The answer shall state all the objections to the application, and shall set forth the interest claimed by the party filing the same, and shall be signed and sworn to by him or by some person in his behalf."cralaw virtua1aw library

Stated in other terms the question is, whether, if a person who was not mentioned in the petition in any way appeared and demurred to the petition, this demurrer would give him any standing in the court. This question has been recently examined in this court and decided in the case of Roxas v. Cuevas 1 (5 Off. Gaz., 561). It was there held that to give a respondent any standing in the Court of Land Registration he must make some claim to the property. That case is decisive of this one.

The judgment of the court below is affirmed, with the costs of this instance against the Appellant. So ordered.

Arellano, C.J., Torres, Johnson, and Tracey, JJ., concur.


1. Page 469, post.

Back to Home | Back to Main

ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review :

ChanRobles MCLE On-line

ChanRobles Lawnet Inc. - ChanRobles MCLE On-line :

August-1907 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-3640 August 1, 1907 - CHARLES S. ROBINSON v. CHARLES F. GARRY

    008 Phil 275

  • G.R. No. L-4011 August 1, 1907 - MAMERTA BANAL v. JOSE SAFONT, ET AL.

    008 Phil 276

  • G.R. No. L-3574 August 2, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. NICOMEDES DE DIOS

    008 Phil 279

  • G.R. No. L-3965 August 2, 1907 - ENRIQUE F. SOMES, ET AL. v. A.S. CROSSFIELD, ET AL.

    008 Phil 283

  • G.R. No. L-3422 August 3, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. MANUEL SAMONTE

    008 Phil 286

  • G.R. No. L-3576 August 3, 1907 - FLORENCIO TERNATE v. MARIA ANIVERSARIO

    008 Phil 292

  • G.R. No. L-3841 August 3, 1907 - CHUNG KIAT v. LIM KIO, ET AL.

    008 Phil 297

  • G.R. No. L-2730 August 7, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. BASILIO MORALES, ET AL.

    008 Phil 300

  • G.R. No. L-2837 August 7, 1907 - CALDER & CO. v. UNITED STATES

    008 Phil 303

  • G.R. No. L-2838 August 7, 1907 - MACONDRAY & CO. v. UNITED STATES

    008 Phil 305

  • G.R. No. L-3419 August 7, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. DOMINGO POLINTAN

    008 Phil 309

  • G.R. No. L-3517 August 7, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. JOSE MAGNO, ET AL.

    008 Phil 314

  • G.R. No. L-3586 August 7, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. HIGINO VELASQUEZ

    008 Phil 321

  • G.R. No. L-3608 August 7, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. ESTANISLAO FLOIRENDO

    008 Phil 325

  • G.R. No. L-3842 August 7, 1907 - VICTORINO RON, ET AL. v. FELIX MOJICA

    008 Phil 328


    008 Phil 332

  • G.R. No. L-2836 August 8, 1907 - CALDER & CO. v. UNITED STATES

    008 Phil 334

  • G.R. No. L-2840 August 8, 1907 - KUENZLE & STREIFF v. UNITED STATES

    008 Phil 339

  • G.R. No. L-4002 August 8, 1907 - LO PO v. H.B. McCOY

    008 Phil 343

  • G.R. No. L-3507 August 9, 1907 - ISABELO AGUIRRE v. OCCIDENTAL NEGROS, ET AL.

    008 Phil 350

  • G.R. No. L-2841 August 10, 1907 - RUBERT & GUAMIS v. UNITED STATES

    008 Phil 352

  • G.R. No. L-3488 August 10, 1907 - C.S. ROBINSON, ET AL. v. THE SHIP "ALTA", ET AL.

    008 Phil 355

  • G.R. No. L-3456 August 14, 1907 - JOSEPH N. WOLFSON v. ELIAS REYES, ET AL.

    008 Phil 364

  • G.R. No. L-3529 August 14, 1907 - ESTEBAN GUILLERMO v. RAMON MATIENZO, ET AL.

    008 Phil 368

  • G.R. No. L-2839 August 15, 1907 - CALDER & CO. v. UNITED STATES

    008 Phil 373

  • G.R. No. L-3562 August 15, 1907 - GUTIERREZ HERMANOS v. ANTONIO VALLEJO

    008 Phil 377

  • G.R. No. L-3363 August 17, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. JOAQUIN CELIS

    008 Phil 378

  • G.R. No. L-3554 August 17, 1907 - JULIANA BENEMERITO v. FERNANDO VELASCO

    008 Phil 381

  • G.R. No. L-3572 August 17, 1907 - S.G. LARSON v. H. BRODEK

    008 Phil 383

  • G.R. No. L-3627 August 17, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. JOAQUIN CELIS

    008 Phil 385

  • G.R. No. L-3664 August 17, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. LEONA CINCO, ET AL.

    008 Phil 388

  • G.R. No. L-3200 August 19, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. TOMAS COLOMBRO

    008 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. L-3625 August 19, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. JOAQUIN CELIS

    008 Phil 394

  • G.R. No. L-3432 August 20, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. ESTANISLAO GASINGAN

    008 Phil 397


    008 Phil 399

  • G.R. No. L-3626 August 21, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. JOAQUIN CELIS

    008 Phil 408

  • G.R. No. L-3460 August 22, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. LEON NARVASA, ET AL.

    008 Phil 410

  • G.R. No. L-3557 August 22, 1907 - VICTORIANO GARCIA, ET AL. v. REMIGIO DIAMSON

    008 Phil 414

  • G.R. No. L-3173 August 23, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. MODESTO GARCIA

    008 Phil 416

  • G.R. No. L-3568 August 23, 1907 - ROMAN ESPAÑA v. LEONARDO LUCIDO

    008 Phil 419

  • G.R. No. L-3510 August 24, 1907 - HENRY O’CONNELL v. NARCISO MAYUGA

    008 Phil 422

  • G.R. No. L-3573 August 24, 1907 - HENRY BRODEK v. S.G. LARSON

    008 Phil 425


    008 Phil 427

  • G.R. No. L-3622 August 26, 1907 - H.W. PEABODY & CO., ET AL. v. PACIFIC EXPORT & LUMBER CO.

    008 Phil 429

  • G.R. No. L-3734 August 26, 1907 - JAMES J. PETERSON v. RAFAEL AZADA

    008 Phil 432


    008 Phil 438

  • G.R. No. L-3192 August 29, 1907 - LUISA ALVAREZ v. SHERIFF OF ILOILO, ET AL.

    008 Phil 441

  • G.R. No. L-3458 August 29, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. FIDEL GONZALEZ

    008 Phil 442

  • G.R. No. L-3526 August 29, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. SEVERINO MACAVINTA

    008 Phil 447

  • G.R. No. L-3636 August 29, 1907 - FREDERICK GARFIELD WAITE v. JAMES J. PETERSON, ET AL.

    008 Phil 449

  • G.R. No. L-3547 August 30, 1907 - LORENZA PAEZ v. JOSE BERENGUER

    008 Phil 454

  • G.R. No. L-3628 August 30, 1907 - MANUEL COUTO SORIANO v. BLAS CORTES

    008 Phil 459

  • G.R. No. L-3416 August 31, 1907 - UNITED STATES v. PILAR JAVIER, ET AL.

    008 Phil 462

  • G.R. No. L-3561 August 31, 1907 - RITA GARCIA, ET AL. v. SIMEON BALANAO, ET AL.

    008 Phil 465

  • G.R. No. L-3630 August 31, 1907 - JOS. N. WOLFSON v. CAYETANO CHINCHILLA

    008 Phil 467

  • G.R. No. L-3637 August 31, 1907 - PEDRO P. ROXAS, ET AL. v. ANASTASIO CUEVAS, ET AL.

    008 Phil 469